Executive Powers

Executive Powers

The constitution and laws of Barbados

CHAPTER VI

EXECUTIVE POWERS

Executive authority of Barbados

63. 1. The executive authority of Barbados is vested in Her Majesty.

2. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the executive authority of Barbados may be exercised on behalf of Her Majesty by the Governor General either directly or through officers subordinate to him.

3. Nothing in this section shall prevent Parliament from conferring functions on persons or authorities other than the Governor General.

Cabinet

64. 1. There shall be a Cabinet for Barbados which shall consist of the Prime Minister and not less than five other Ministers appointed in accordance with the provisions of section 65.

2. The Cabinet shall be the principal instrument of policy and shall be charged with the general direction and control for the government of Barbados and shall be collectively responsible therefore to Parliament.

Appointment of Ministers

65. 1. Whenever the Governor General has occasion to appoint a Prime Minister he shall, acting in his discretion, appoint the member of the House of Assembly who, in his judgment, is best able to command the confidence of a majority of the members of that House.

2. The other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor General, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, from among the members of the two Houses.

3. Subsections (1) and (2) shall have effect in relation to any period between a dissolution of Parliament and the day on which the next election of members of the House of Assembly is held as if Parliament had not been dissolved.

4. Appointments under this section shall be made by instrument under the Public Seal.

Tenure of office of Ministers

66. 1. The office of Prime Minister shall become vacant -

a. if he ceases to be a member of the House of Assembly for any reason other than a dissolution of Parliament;

b. when, after an election of members of the House of Assembly following any dissolution of Parliament and before that House first meets thereafter, the Prime Minister is informed by the Governor General, acting in his discretion, that the Governor General is about to re-appoint him as Prime Minister or appoint another person as Prime Minister; or

c. if the Governor General revokes his appointment in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2).

2. If the House of Assembly a resolution which has received the affirmative vote of a majority of all the members thereof resolves that the appointment of the Prime Minister ought to be revoked and the Prime Minister does not within three days of the passing of the resolution either resign or advise the Governor General to dissolve Parliament, the Governor General shall, by instrument under the Public Seal, revoke the appointment of the Prime Minister.

3. The office of a Minister, other than the office of Prime Minister, shall become vacant -

a. upon the appointment or re-appointment of any person to the office of Prime Minister;

b. if this appointment to his office is revoked by the Governor General, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, by instrument under the Public Seal;

c. if, for any reason other than a dissolution of Parliament, he ceases to be a member of the House of which he was a member at the date of his appointment as a Minister; or

d. if he is not a member of either House at the date of the first sitting of Parliament after a dissolution of Parliament.

Performance of Prime Minister's functions in certain events

67. 1. Whenever the Prime Minister is unable, by reason of his illness or absence from Barbados, to perform the functions of his office, the Governor General may, by instrument under the Public Seal, authorize any other Minister who is a member of the House of Assembly to perform the functions conferred on the Prime Minister by this Constitution (other than the functions conferred by subsection (3)).

2. The Governor General may, by instrument under the Public Seal, revoke any authority given under this section.

3. The powers conferred on the Governor General by this section shall be exercised by him acting in his discretion if in his opinion it is impracticable to obtain the advice of the Prime Minister owing to the Prime Minister's illness or absence, and in any other case shall be exercised by the Governor General in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister.

Temporary Ministers

68. 1. Whenever a Minister other than the Prime Minister is unable, by reason of his illness or absence from Barbados, to perform the functions of his office, the Governor General may, by instrument under the Public Seal, appoint a member of the Senate or the House of Assembly to be a temporary Minister and authorize him to perform the functions of that office:

Provided that this subsection shall have effect in relation to any period between a dissolution of Parliament and the day on which the next election of members of the House of Assembly is held as if Parliament had not been dissolved.

2. Subject to the provisions of section 66(3), a temporary Minister shall hold office until he is notified by the Governor General, by instrument under the Public Seal, that the Minister on account of whose inability to perform the functions of his office he was appointed is again able to perform those functions or until that Minister vacates his office.

3. The powers conferred on the Governor General by this section shall be exercised by him in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister.

Oaths to be taken by Ministers

69. The Prime Minister and every other Minister shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, take before the Governor General the oath of allegiance and an oath for the due execution of his office in the form set out in the First Schedule.

Presiding in Cabinet

70. The Prime Minister shall, so far as is practicable, attend and preside at all meetings of the Cabinet and in his absence such other Minister shall preside as the Prime Minister shall appoint.

Governor General to be informed concerning matters of government

71. The Prime Minister shall keep the Governor General fully informed concerning the general conduct of the government of Barbados and shall furnish the Governor General with such information as the Governor General, acting in his discretion may request with respect to any particular matter relating to the government of Barbados.

Assignment of responsibilities to Ministers

72. 1. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Governor General, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, may, by directions in writing, assign to the Prime Minister or any other Minister responsibility for any business of the Government, including the administration of any department of the Government:

Provided that one such other Minister (who shall be styled Attorney General) shall be assigned the functions of principal legal adviser to the Government.

2. Nothing in this section shall empower the Governor General to confer on any Minister authority to exercise any power or to discharge any duty that is conferred or imposed by this Constitution or any other law on the Governor General or any person or authority other than that Minister.

Parliamentary Secretaries

73. 1. The Governor General, acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister, may, by instrument under the Public Seal, appoint from among the members of the two Houses Parliamentary Secretaries to assist Ministers in the discharge or their functions:

Provided that this subsection shall have effect in relation to any period between a dissolution of Parliament and the day on which the next election of members of the House of Assembly is held as if Parliament had not been dissolved.

2. The provisions of section 66(3) and section 69 shall apply to Parliamentary Secretaries as the apply to Ministers.

Leader of the Opposition

74. 1. There shall be a Leader of the Opposition who shall be appointed by the Governor General by instrument under the Public Seal.

2. Whenever the Governor General has occasion to appoint a Leader of the Opposition he shall appoint the member of the House of Assembly who, in his judgment, is best able to command the support of a majority of those members who do not support the Government, or if there is no such person, the member of that House who, in his judgment, commands the support of the largest single group of such members who are prepared to support one leader:

Provided that this subsection shall have effect in relation to any period between a dissolution of Parliament and the day on which the next election of members of the House of Assembly is held as if Parliament had not been dissolved.

3. The office of Leader of the Opposition shall become vacant -

a. if, after an election of members of the House of Assembly following any dissolution of Parliament and before that House first meets thereafter, he is informed by the Governor General that the Governor General is about to appoint another person as Leader of the Opposition;

b. if he ceases to be a member of the House of Assembly for any reason other than a dissolution of Parliament; or

c. if his appointment is revoked under the provisions of subsection (4).

4. If, in the judgment of the Governor General, the Leader of the Opposition no longer is able to command the support of a majority of Government, or, as the case may be, the support of the largest single group of such members who are prepared to support one leader, the Governor General may revoke the appointment of the leader of the Opposition.

5. In the exercise of his functions under this section the Governor General shall act in his discretion:

Provided that, except during any period such as is mentioned in subsection (3)(a), if the Governor General considers that it is doubtful whether a person commands such support as is mentioned in subsection (2) he shall, in determining the question, act in accordance with the advice of the Speaker.

Certain vacancies in office of Leader of Opposition

75. During any period in which there is a vacancy in the office of Leader of the Opposition by reason of the fact that no person is both qualified in accordance with this Constitution for, and willing to accept, appointment to that office, the Governor General shall -

a. act in his discretion in the exercise of any function in respect of which it is provided in this Constitution that the Governor General shall act in accordance with the advice of the Leader of the Opposition; and

b. act on the recommendation of the Prime Minister in the exercise of any function in respect of which it is provided in this Constitution that the Governor General shall act on the recommendation of the Prime Minister after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition.

Privy Council

76. 1. There shall be a Privy Council for Barbados which shall consist of such person as the Governor General, after consultation with the Prime Minister, may appoint by instrument under the Public Seal.

2. The Privy Council shall have such powers and duties as may be conferred or imposed upon it by this Constitution or any other law.

3. The office of a member of the Privy Council appointed under this section shall become vacant -

a. at the expiration of fifteen years from the date of his appointment or such shorter period as may be specified in the instrument by which he was appointed;

b. when he attains the age of seventy-five years; or

c. if his appointment is revoked by the Governor General, acting after consultation with the Prime Minister, by instrument under the Public Seal.

Proceedings of Privy Council

77. 1. The Privy Council shall not be summoned except by the authority of the Governor General acting in his discretion.

2. The Governor General shall, so far as is practicable, attend and preside at all meetings of the Privy Council.

3. Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Privy Council may regulate its own procedure.

4. The question whether the Privy Council has validly performed any function vested in it by this Constitution shall not be inquired into in any court.

Prerogative of mercy

78. 1. The Governor General may, in Her Majesty's name and on Her Majesty's behalf -

a. grant to any person convicted of any offense against the law of Barbados a pardon, either free or subject to lawful conditions;

b. grant to any person a respite, either indefinite or for a specified period, from the execution of any punishment imposed on that person for such an offense;

c. substitute a less severe from of punishment for that imposed on any person fur such an offense; or

d. remit the whole or part of any punishment imposed on any person fur such an offense or any penalty or forfeiture otherwise due to the Crown on account of such an offense.

2. The Governor General shall, in the exercise of the powers conferred on him by subsection (1) or of any power conferred on him by any other law to remit any penalty or forfeiture due to any person other than the Crown, act in accordance with the advice of the Privy Council.

3. Where any person has been sentenced to death for an offense against the law of Barbados, the Governor General shall cause a written report of the case from the trial judge, together with such other information derived from the record of the case or elsewhere as the Governor General may require, to be forwarded to the Privy Council so that the Privy Council may advise him on the exercise of the powers conferred in him by subsection (1) in relation to that person.

4. The power of requiring information conferred upon the Governor General by subsection (3) shall be exercised by him on the recommendation of the Privy Council or, in any case in which in his judgment the matter is too urgent to admit of such recommendation being obtained by the time within which it may be necessary for him to act, in his discretion.

Establishment of office and functions of Director of Public Prosecutions

79. 1. There shall be a Director of Public Prosecutions whose office shall be a public office.

2. The Director of Public Prosecutions shall have power in any case in which he considers it desirable so to do -

a. to institute and undertake criminal proceedings against any person before any court other than a court-martial in respect of any offense against the law of Barbados;

b. to take over and continue any such criminal proceedings that may have been instituted by any other person or authority; and

c. to discontinue at any stage before judgment is delivered any such criminal proceedings instituted or undertaken by himself or any other person or authority.

3. The powers of the Director of Public Prosecutions under subsection (2) may be exercised by him in person or through other persons acting under and in accordance with his general or special instructions.

4. The powers conferred upon the Director of Public Prosecutions by paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection (2) shall be vested in him to the exclusion of any other person or authority:

Provided that, where any other person or authority has instituted criminal proceedings, nothing in this subsection shall prevent the withdrawal of those proceedings by or at the instance of that person or authority and with the leave of the court.

5. In the exercise of the powers conferred upon him by this section the Director of Public Prosecutions shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority.

6. For the purposes of this section, any appeal from any determination in any criminal proceedings before any court, or any case stated or question of law reserved for the purposes of any such proceedings, to any other court or to Her Majesty in Council shall be deemed to be part of those proceedings.

7. The Director of Public Prosecutions shall not enter upon the duties of his office until he has taken and subscribed the oath of allegiance and an oath for the due execution for his office in the form set our in the First Schedule.

Constitution of Barbados

1. Constitution is supreme law

2. Persons who become citizens on 30th November 1966

3. Persons entitled to be registered as citizens

4. Persons born in Barbados after 29th November 1966

5. Persons born outside Barbados after 29th November 1966

6. Marriage to citizen of Barbados

7. Renunciation of citizenship

8. Commonwealth citizens

9. Powers of Parliament

10. Interpretation

11. Fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual

12. Protection of right to life

13. Protection of right to personal liberty

14. Protection from slavery and forced labour

15. Protection from inhuman treatment

16. Protection from deprivation of property

17. Protection against arbitrary search or entry

18. Provisions to secure protection of law

19. Protection of freedom of conscience

20. Protection of freedom of expression

21. Protection of freedom of assembly and association

22. Protection of freedom of movement

23. Protection from discrimination on grounds of race, etc

24. Enforcement of protective provisions

25. Time of emergency

26. Saving of existing law

27. Interpretation

28. Establishment of office of Governor General

29. Acting Governor General

30. Deputy to governor General

31. Personal staff of governor General

32. Exercise of Governor General's functions

33. Public Seal

34. Oaths to be taken by Governor General

35. Establishment of Parliament

36. Senate

37. Qualifications for membership of Senate

38. Disqualifications for membership of Senate

39. Tenure of seats of Senators

40. President and Deputy President of Senate

41. House of Assembly

42. Electoral law

43. Qualifications for membership of Assembly

44. Disqualifications for membership of Assembly

45. Tenure of seats of members of Assembly

46. Determination of questions of membership of Senate and Assembly

47. Filling of casual vacancies in Senate and Assembly

48. Power to make laws

49. Alteration of this Constitution

50. Regulation of procedure in Parliament

51. Presiding in Senate

52. Quorum of Senate

53. Voting in Senate

54. Introduction of Bills, etc

55. Restriction on powers of Senate as to Money Bills

56. Restriction on powers of Senate as to Bills other than Money Bills

57. Provisions relating to sections 54, 55 and 56

58. Asset to Bills

59. Oath of allegiance

60. Sessions of Parliament

61. Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament

62. General election and appointment of Senators

63. Executive authority of Barbados

64. Cabinet

65. Appointment of Ministers

66. Tenure of office of Ministers

67. Performance of Prime Minister's functions in certain events

68. Temporary Ministers

69. Oaths to be taken by Ministers

70. Presiding in Cabinet

71. Governor General to be informed concerning matters of government

72. Assignment of responsibilities to Ministers

73. Parliamentary Secretaries

74. Leader of the Opposition

75. Certain vacancies in office of Leader of Opposition

76. Privy Council

77. Proceedings of Privy Council

78. Prerogative of mercy

79. Establishment of office and functions for Director of Public

80. Establishment of Supreme Court

81. Appointment of Judges

82. Acting Judges

83. Oaths to be taken by Judges

84. Tenure of office of Judges

85. Constitution of Court of Appeal

86. Other arrangements for appeals

87. Appeals relating to fundamental rights and freedoms

88. Appeals to Her Majesty in Council in other cases

89. Establishment and composition of Judicial and Legal Service Commission

90. Establishment and composition of Public Service Commission

91. Establishment and composition of Police Commission

92. Procedure of Commissions

93. Appointment, etc., of judicial and legal officers

94. Appointment, etc., of public officers

95. Delegation of powers under section 94

96. Appointment, etc., of members of the Police Force

97. Delegation of powers under section 96

98. Appeals to Privy Council in disciplinary matters

99. Appointment of permanent secretaries and certain other public officers

100. Appointment, etc., of principal representatives abroad and subordinate staff

101. Appointment, etc., of Director of Public Prosecutions

102. Appointment, etc., of Auditor General

103. Protection of pension rights

104. Grant and withholding of pensions, etc

105. Removal form office of certain persons

106. Protection of Commissions, etc., from legal proceedings

107. Consolidated Fund

108. Estimates

109. Authorization of expenditure

110. Meeting expenditure from Consolidated Fund

111. Public debt

112. Remuneration of governor General and certain other officers

113. Establishment of office and functions of Auditor General

114. Appointments

115. Resignations

116. Vacation of office on attaining a prescribed age

117. Interpretation

First Schedule

Oaths


Second Schedule

Provisions Relating To Certain Tribunals


Third Schedule

Rules Relating To The Constituencies

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