The constitution and laws of Barbados


117. 1. In this Constitution -

"Act of Parliament" means any law made by Parliament;

"the Commonwealth" means Barbados, any country to which section 8 applies and any dependency of any such country;

"the Consolidated Fund" means the Consolidated Fund established by section 107;

"House" means the Senate or the House of Assembly, as the context may require;

"Judge" means the Chief Justice and any other Judge of the supreme Court;

"law" includes any instrument having the force of law and any unwritten rule of law;

"oath of allegiance" means the oath of allegiance set out in the First Schedule;

"Parliament" means the Parliament of Barbados;

"Police Force" means the Royal Barbados Police Force established under the Police Act, 1961(a);

"public office" means any office of emolument in the public service;

"public officer" means the holder of any public office and includes any person appointed to act in any such office;

"the public service" means subject to the provisions of subsection (7), the service of the Crown in a civil capacity in respect of the government of Barbados;

" session" means, in relation to Parliament, the sittings of Parliament commencing when it first meets after this Constitution comes into force or after the prorogation or dissolution of Parliament at any time and terminating when Parliament is prorogued or is dissolved without having been prorogued;

"sitting" means, in relation to a House, a period during which that House is sitting continuously without adjournment and includes any period during which the House is in committee;

"Speaker" and "Deputy Speaker" mean the member of the House of Assembly from time to time elected by that House to be respectively Speaker or Deputy Speaker of that House.

2. For the purposes of this Constitution the territory of Barbados shall compose all the areas that were comprised therein immediately before 30th November 1966 together with such other areas as Parliament may declare to form part thereof.

3. Any reference in this Constitution to power to make appointments to any office shall be construed as including a reference to power to make appointments on promotion or transfer to that office and to power to appoint a person to act in or perform the functions of that office during any period during which it is vacant or during which the holder thereof is unable (whether by reason of absence or infirmity of body or mind or any other cause) to perform those functions.

4. Any reference in this Constitution to the holder of an office by the term designating his office shall be construed as including a reference to any person for the time being lawfully performing the functions of that office.

5. Where by this Constitution any person is directed, or power is conferred on any person or authority to appoint a person, to perform the functions of any office if the holder thereof is unable to perform those functions, the validity of any performance of those functions by the person so directed or of any appointment made in exercise of that power shall not be called in question in any court on the ground that the holder of that office was not or is not unable to perform those functions.

6. For the purposes of this Constitution a person shall not be considered as holding a public office by reason only of the fact that he is in receipt for a pension or other like allowance in respect of public service.

7. In this Constitution references to the public service shall not be construed as including service in -

a. the office of Governor General, Prime Minister or other Minister, Parliamentary Secretary, Leader of the Opposition, President, Deputy President or member of the Senate, speaker, Deputy Speaker, or member of the House of Assembly or member of the Privy Council;

b. the office of a member of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, the public Service Commission or the Police Service Commission;

c. the office of a member of any board, committee or other similar body (whether incorporated or not) established by any law in force in Barbados; or

d. except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, the office of a Judge or any office on the personal staff of the Governor General.

8. References in this Constitution to the power to remove a public officer shall be construed as including references to any power conferred by any law to require or permit that officer to retire from the public service:

Provided that -

a. nothing in this subsection shall be construed as conferring on any person or authority power to require a Judge or the Director of Public Prosecutions or the Auditor General to retire from the public service; and

b. any power conferred by any law to permit a person to retire form the public service shall, in the case of any public officer who may be removed from office by some person or authority other than the Governor General acting in accordance with the advice of a Commission established by this Constitution, vest in the Governor General acting on the recommendation of the Public Service Commission.

9. Where any power is conferred by this Constitution to make any proclamation or order or to give any directions, the power shall be construed as including a power exercisable in like manner to amend or revoke any such proclamation, order or directions.

10. No provision of this Constitution that any person or authority shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority in exercising any functions under this Constitution shall be construed as precluding a court from exercising jurisdiction in relation to any question whether that person or authority has performed those functions in accordance with this Constitution or nay other law.

11. The interpretation Act 1966(a) as in force on 29th November 1966 shall apply, with the necessary adaptations, for the purpose of interpreting this Constitution and otherwise in relation thereto as it applies for the purpose of interpreting, and in relation to, an Act of The Legislature of Barbados passed after the commencement of the aforesaid Act.

Constitution of Barbados

1. Constitution is supreme law

2. Persons who become citizens on 30th November 1966

3. Persons entitled to be registered as citizens

4. Persons born in Barbados after 29th November 1966

5. Persons born outside Barbados after 29th November 1966

6. Marriage to citizen of Barbados

7. Renunciation of citizenship

8. Commonwealth citizens

9. Powers of Parliament

10. Interpretation

11. Fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual

12. Protection of right to life

13. Protection of right to personal liberty

14. Protection from slavery and forced labour

15. Protection from inhuman treatment

16. Protection from deprivation of property

17. Protection against arbitrary search or entry

18. Provisions to secure protection of law

19. Protection of freedom of conscience

20. Protection of freedom of expression

21. Protection of freedom of assembly and association

22. Protection of freedom of movement

23. Protection from discrimination on grounds of race, etc

24. Enforcement of protective provisions

25. Time of emergency

26. Saving of existing law

27. Interpretation

28. Establishment of office of Governor General

29. Acting Governor General

30. Deputy to governor General

31. Personal staff of governor General

32. Exercise of Governor General's functions

33. Public Seal

34. Oaths to be taken by Governor General

35. Establishment of Parliament

36. Senate

37. Qualifications for membership of Senate

38. Disqualifications for membership of Senate

39. Tenure of seats of Senators

40. President and Deputy President of Senate

41. House of Assembly

42. Electoral law

43. Qualifications for membership of Assembly

44. Disqualifications for membership of Assembly

45. Tenure of seats of members of Assembly

46. Determination of questions of membership of Senate and Assembly

47. Filling of casual vacancies in Senate and Assembly

48. Power to make laws

49. Alteration of this Constitution

50. Regulation of procedure in Parliament

51. Presiding in Senate

52. Quorum of Senate

53. Voting in Senate

54. Introduction of Bills, etc

55. Restriction on powers of Senate as to Money Bills

56. Restriction on powers of Senate as to Bills other than Money Bills

57. Provisions relating to sections 54, 55 and 56

58. Asset to Bills

59. Oath of allegiance

60. Sessions of Parliament

61. Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament

62. General election and appointment of Senators

63. Executive authority of Barbados

64. Cabinet

65. Appointment of Ministers

66. Tenure of office of Ministers

67. Performance of Prime Minister's functions in certain events

68. Temporary Ministers

69. Oaths to be taken by Ministers

70. Presiding in Cabinet

71. Governor General to be informed concerning matters of government

72. Assignment of responsibilities to Ministers

73. Parliamentary Secretaries

74. Leader of the Opposition

75. Certain vacancies in office of Leader of Opposition

76. Privy Council

77. Proceedings of Privy Council

78. Prerogative of mercy

79. Establishment of office and functions for Director of Public

80. Establishment of Supreme Court

81. Appointment of Judges

82. Acting Judges

83. Oaths to be taken by Judges

84. Tenure of office of Judges

85. Constitution of Court of Appeal

86. Other arrangements for appeals

87. Appeals relating to fundamental rights and freedoms

88. Appeals to Her Majesty in Council in other cases

89. Establishment and composition of Judicial and Legal Service Commission

90. Establishment and composition of Public Service Commission

91. Establishment and composition of Police Commission

92. Procedure of Commissions

93. Appointment, etc., of judicial and legal officers

94. Appointment, etc., of public officers

95. Delegation of powers under section 94

96. Appointment, etc., of members of the Police Force

97. Delegation of powers under section 96

98. Appeals to Privy Council in disciplinary matters

99. Appointment of permanent secretaries and certain other public officers

100. Appointment, etc., of principal representatives abroad and subordinate staff

101. Appointment, etc., of Director of Public Prosecutions

102. Appointment, etc., of Auditor General

103. Protection of pension rights

104. Grant and withholding of pensions, etc

105. Removal form office of certain persons

106. Protection of Commissions, etc., from legal proceedings

107. Consolidated Fund

108. Estimates

109. Authorization of expenditure

110. Meeting expenditure from Consolidated Fund

111. Public debt

112. Remuneration of governor General and certain other officers

113. Establishment of office and functions of Auditor General

114. Appointments

115. Resignations

116. Vacation of office on attaining a prescribed age

117. Interpretation

First Schedule


Second Schedule

Provisions Relating To Certain Tribunals

Third Schedule

Rules Relating To The Constituencies

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