Finance

Finance

The constitution and laws of Belize

FINANCE

THE CONSOLIDATED REVENUE FUND

99. All revenues or other moneys raised or received by Belize (not being revenues or other moneys payable under any law into some other public fund established for a specific purpose) shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Revenue Fund. No moneys shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Revenue Fund except to meet expenditure charge upon the Fund by the Constitution or by an Act of the National Assembly, or where the issue of those moneys has been authorized by an appropriate law.

100. The Minister responsible for Finance shall lay before the House of Representatives in each financial year estimates of the revenues and expenditure of Belize for the next financial year. If in any financial year the amount appropriated for any purpose is insufficient, or a need arises for expenditure for a purpose for which no amount of money was appropriated, or moneys have been spent in excess of that appropriated, a supplementary estimate showing the sums required or spent shall be laid before the House of Representatives.

101. The National Assembly may make provision to allow the Minister responsible for Finance to authorize expenditure necessary to carry on the services of Government for a specified period. The National Assembly may also provide for the establishment of a Contingencies Fund and authorize the Minister responsible for Finance to make advances from this Fund to meet any urgent and unforeseen need for expenditure for which no other provision exists.

102. The salaries and allowances of the Governor-General and certain other officers, including the Chief Justice, Justices of Appeal, Supreme Court Judges, members of the Belize Advisory Council and the Public Services Commission, members of the Elections and Boundaries Commission, the Director of Public Prosecutions and the Auditor-General, shall be a charge on the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

THE AUDITOR-GENERAL

103. There shall be an Auditor-General for Belize, whose office shall be a public, office. He shall be appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Public Services Commission with the concurrence of the Prime Minister after consulting the Leader of the Opposition. He shall audit and report annually on the public accounts of Belize, and of all officers, courts and authorities of Belize. The Auditor-General shall submit his reports annually to the Minister responsible for Finance to be laid before the House of Representatives. If the Minister responsible for Finance fails to lay any such reports before the House of Representatives within the prescribed time, the Auditor-General shall transmit copies of the reports to the Speaker of the House of Representatives for presentation to the House. In the exercise of his functions, the Auditor-General shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority.

104. The Auditor-General shall be removed from office only for inability to perform his functions or for misbehavior by the Governor-General acting on the advice of the Belize Advisory Council.

THE PUBLIC DEBT

105. The public debt of Belize shall be a charge on the Consolidated Revenue Fund.

CODE OF CONDUCT

106. The Governor-General, members of the National Assembly, the Belize Advisory Council, the Public Services Commission, and the Elections and Boundaries Commission, public officers, officers of statutory corporations and government agencies and such other officers as the National Assembly may prescribe, have a duty to conduct themselves in such a way as not:

a. to place themselves in positions in which they have or could have a conflict of interest;

b. to compromise the fair exercise of their public or official functions and duties;

c. to use their office for private gain;

d. to demean their office or position;

e. to allow their integrity to be called into question; or,

f. to endanger or diminish respect for, or confidence in, the integrity of the Government of Belize.

NATIONAL SYMBOLS

107. The Government of Belize will establish a representative committee which will, as a matter of priority, consider and make proposals on national symbols for Belize. These proposals will be put before the House of Representatives. The Constitution will provide for the proposals adopted by the House of Representatives to be part of the Constitution.

NICHOLAS RIDLEY C.L.B. ROGERS

Constitution of Belize

Preamble

Chapter I - The State And The Constitution


1. The State

2. Constitution Is Supreme Law

Chapter II - Protection Of Fundamental Rights And Freedoms


3. Fundamental Rights And Freedoms

4. Protection Of Right To Life

5. Protection Of Right To Personal Liberty

6. Protection Of Law

7. Protection From Inhuman Treatment

8. Protection From Slavery And Forced Labor

9. Protection From Arbitrary Search Or Entry

10. Protection Of Freedom Of Movement

11. Protection Of Freedom Of Conscience

12. Protection Of Freedom Of Expression

13. Protection Of Freedom Of Assembly And Association

14. Protection Of Right Of Privacy

15. Protection Of Right To Work

16. Protection From Discrimination On The Grounds Or Race, Etc

17. Protection From Deprivation Of Property

18. Provisions For Periods Of Public Emergency

19. Protection Of Persons Detained Under Emergency Laws

20. Enforcement Of Protective Provisions

21. Protection Of Existing Laws

22. Interpretation And Savings

Chapter III - Citizenship


23. Person Who Become Citizens On Independence Day

24. Person Born In Belize On Or After Independence Day

25. Person Born Outside Belize On Or After Independence Day

26. Registration

27. Avoidance Of Dual Nationality

28. Citizenship Legislation

29. Interpretation

Chapter IV - The Governor-general


30. Establishment Of Office

31. Acting Governor-general

32. Oath To Be Taken By Governor-general

33. Deputy To Governor-general

34. Exercise Of Governor-general's Functions

35. Governor-general To Be Informed Concerning Matters Of Government

Chapter V - The Executive


36. Executive Authority

37. Prime Minister

38. Deputy Prime Minister

39. Performance Of Functions Of Prime Minister During Absence Or Illness

40. Ministers Of Government

41. Allocation Of Portfolios To Ministers

42. Attorney General

43. Performance Of Functions Of Minister During Absence Or Illness

44. Cabinet

45. Deputy Minister

46. Oath To Be Taken By Ministers Etc.

47. Leader Of The Opposition

48. Permanent Secretaries

49. Secretary To The Cabinet

50. Control Of Public Prosecutions

51. Constitution Of Offices Etc

52. Prerogative Of Mercy

53. Procedure In Capital Cases

54. Belize Advisory Council

Chapter VI - The Legislature


55. Establishment Of Legislature

The House Of Representatives


56. Composition Of House Of Representatives

57. Qualifications For Election As Member

58. Disqualifications For Election As Member

59. Tenure Of Office Of Members

60. Speaker And Deputy Speaker

The Senate


61. Composition Of Senate

62. Qualifications For Appointment As Senator

63. Disqualifications For Appointment As Senator

64. Tenure Of Office Of Senator

65. Appointment Of Temporary Senators

66. President And Vice-president

67. Clerks To Houses Of National Assembly

Powers And Procedure


68. Power To Make Laws

69. Alteration Of Constitution

70. Regulation Of Procedure In National Assembly, Etc

71. Oath To Be Taken By Members Of National Assembly

72. Presiding In House Of Representatives And Senate

73. Voting

74. Freedom Of Speech

75. Validity Of Proceedings

76. Quorum

77. Introduction Of Bills, Etc

78. Restriction On Powers Of Senate As To Money Bills

79. Restriction On Powers Of Senate As To Bill Other Than Money Bills

80. Provisions Relating To Sections 77, 78 And 79

81. Mode Of Exercise Of Legislative Power

82. Words Of Enactment

83. Sessions Of Legislature, Etc

84. Prorogation And Dissolution Of Legislature

85. General Elections And Appointment Of Senators

86. Determination Of Questions As To Membership Of National Assembly

87. Unqualified Persons Sitting Or Voting

88. Election And Boundaries Commission

89. Electoral Divisions

90. Increase Of Electoral Divisions

91. Redivision Of Electoral Divisions

92. Conduct Of Voting

93. Conduct Of Elections, Etc

Chapter VII - The Judiciary


94. Establishment Of Supreme Court And Court Of Appeal

95. The Supreme Court

96. Reference Of Constitutional Questions To Supreme Court

97. Appointment Of Justices Of Supreme Court

98. Tenure of office of justices of Supreme Court

99. Oath To Be Taken By Justices Of Supreme Court

100. Appeals To The Court Of Appeal

101. Appointment of justices of appeal

102. Tenure of office of justices of appeal

103. Oath to be taken by justice of appeal

104. Appeals to her majesty in council

Chapter VIII - The Public Service


105. Public Services Commission

106. Appointment, Etc. Of Public Officers

107. Appointment, etc. of permanent secretaries and certain other officers

108. Director of public prosecutions

109. Auditor General

110. Appointment, etc, of junior police officers

111. Appeals in discipline cases

112. Pension laws and protection of pension rights

113. Grant and withholding of pensions, etc

Chapter IX - Finance


114. Establishment of consolidated revenue fund

115. Authorization of expenditure from consolidated revenue fund

116. Authorization of expenditure in advance of appropriation

117. Contingencies Fund

118. Remuneration of certain officers

119. Public Debt

120. Audit of public accounts, etc

Chapter X - Miscellaneous


121. Code of conduct

122. National Symbols

123. Powers of appointment and acting appointments

124. Reappointments and concurrent appointments

125. Removal from office

126. Resignations

127. Saving for jurisdiction of courts

128. Power to amend and revoke instruments, etc

129. Consultation

130. National Seal

131. Interpretation

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