Economic Social and Cultural Rights

Economic Social and Cultural Rights

Economic Social and Cultural Rights

Economic Social and Cultural Rights

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- Constitution of Croatia
Economic Social and Cultural Rights
- Constitution of the Republic of Croatia. Government and Croatian Laws.

Economic Social and Cultural Rights


3. Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

  • The right to ownership shall be guaranteed.
    Ownership implies obligations. Holders of the right to ownership and its users shall contribute to the general welfare.
    A foreign person may acquire the right to ownership under conditions spelled out by law.
    The right to inheritance shall be guaranteed.

  • Entrepreneurial and market freedom shall be the basis of the economic system of the Republic.
    The state shall ensure all entrepreneurs an equal legal status on the market. Monopolies shall be forbidden.
    The Republic shall stimulate economic progress and social welfare and shall care for the economic development of all regions.
    The rights acquired through the investment of capital shall not be lessened by law, nor by any other legal act.
    Foreign investors shall be guaranteed free transfer and repatriation of profit and the capital invested.

  • Ownership may in the interests of the republic be restricted by law, or property taken over against indemnity equal to its market value.
    Entrepreneurial freedom and property rights may exceptionally be restricted by law for the purposes of protecting the interests and security of the Republic, nature, the human environment and human health.

  • Everyone shall participate in the defrayment of public expenses, in accordance with their economic possibilities.
    The tax system shall be based on the principles of equality and equity.

  • The sea, seashore and islands, waters, air space, mineral wealth and other natural resources, as well as land, forests, fauna and flora, other parts of nature, real estate and things of special cultural, historical, economic or ecological significance which are specified by law to be of interest to the Republic, shall enjoy its special protection.
    The way in which goods of interest to the Republic may be used and exploited by holders of rights to them and by owners, and compensation for the restrictions imposed on them, shall be regulated by law.

  • The National Bank of Croatia shall be the central bank of the Republic of Croatia.
    The National Bank of Croatia shall, within the framework of its rights and duties, be responsible for the stability of the currency and for general payment liquidity at home and abroad.
    The National Bank of Croatia shall be independent in its work and shall be responsible to the Croatian Parliament. Profits made through the operations of the National Bank of Croatia shall accrue to the state budget.
    The status of the National Bank of Croatia shall be regulated by law.

  • Everyone shall have the right to work and to freedom of work.
    Everyone shall be free to choose his vocation and occupation, and all work places and duties shall be accessible to everyone under the same conditions.

  • Every employed person shall have the right to remuneration, ensuring for himself and his family a free and decent life.
    Maximum working hours shall be regulated by law.
    Every employed person shall have the right to a weekly rest and annual holidays with pay, and may not renounce these rights.
    Employed persons may, in conformity with law, participate in decision-making in the firms in which they work.

  • The right of those employed and of members of their families to social security and social insurance shall be regulated by law and collective agreements.
    Rights in connection with childbirth, maternity and child care shall be regulated by law.

  • The Republic shall ensure to weak, helpless and other unprovided-for citizens due to unemployment or incapacity to work the right to assistance to meet their basic needs.
    The Republic shall ensure special care for the protection of disabled persons and their inclusion in social life.
    Receiving humanitarian aid from abroad may not be forbidden.

  • Every citizen shall be guaranteed the right to health care.

  • In order to protect their economic and social interests, all employees and employers shall have the right to form trade unions and freely to join and leave them.
    Trade unions may form their federations and associate in international trade union organizations.
    Formation of trade unions in the armed forces and the police may be restricted by law.

  • The right to strike shall be guaranteed.
    The right to strike may be restricted in the armed forces, the police, government administration and the public services specified by law.

  • The family shall enjoy special protection of the Republic.
    Marriage and legal relations in marriage, common-law marriage and families shall be regulated by law.

  • The Republic shall protect maternity, children and young people, and shall create social, cultural, educational, material and other conditions conducive to the realization of the right to a decent life.

  • Parents shall have the duty to bring up, support and school their children and shall have the right and freedom to independently decide on the upbringing of children
    Parents shall be responsible for ensuring their children the right to the full and harmonious development of their personalities.
    Physically and mentally handicapped and socially neglected children shall have the right to special care, education and welfare.
    Children shall be bound to take care of old and helpless parents.
    The republic shall take special care of parentless minors and of parentally neglected children.

  • Everyone shall have the duty to protect children and helpless persons.
    Children may not be employed before reaching the legally determined age, nor may they be forced or allowed to do work which is harmful to their health or morality.
    Young people, mothers and disabled persons shall be entitled to special protection at work.

  • Primary schooling shall be compulsory and free.
    Everyone shall have access, under the same conditions, to secondary and higher education in accordance with the abilities.

  • Under conditions specified by law, citizens may open private schools and teaching establishments.

  • The autonomy of universities shall be guaranteed.
    Universities shall independently decide on their organization and work in conformity with law.

  • Freedom of scientific, cultural and artistic creativity shall be guaranteed.
    The Republic shall stimulate and assist the development of science, culture and the arts.
    The Republic shall protect scientific, cultural and artistic goods as spiritual national values.
    Protection of moral and material rights deriving from scientific, cultural, artistic, intellectual and other creative endeavour shall be guaranteed.
    The Republic shall promote physical culture and sports.

  • Everyone shall have the right to a healthy life.
    The Republic shall ensure citizens the right to a healthy environment.
    Citizens, government, public and economic bodies and associations shall be bound, within their powers and activities, to pay special attention to the protection of human health, nature and the human environment.
  • Historical Foundations
    Basic Provisions
    Fundamental Freedoms And Rights Of Man And Citizen
    Common Provisions
    Personal and Political Liberties and Rights
    Economic Social and Cultural Rights
    Organisation of Government
    Croatian Parliament
    President of the Republic of Croatia
    Government of the Republic of Croatia
    Judicial Power
    Public Prosecution Service
    Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia
    Community Level Local and Regional Self Government
    International Relations
    International Treaties
    Association and Dissociation

    Amending The Constitution

    Transitional And Concluding Provisions
    Constitution Economic Social And Cultural Rights 2022


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