Economic and Social Rights

Economic and Social Rights

Economic and Social Rights

Economic and Social Rights

- Constitution of Egypt

Chapter 3: Economic and social rights

Article 58: Right to Education

Every citizen has the right to high quality education. It is free throughout its stages inall government institutions and is obligatory in the primary stage. The state works toextend that obligation to other stages.

The state supports and encourages technical education, and oversees education inall its forms. The state allocates sufficient percentage from the national revenue totechnical education.

All educational institutions, public and private, local and otherwise abide by thestate’s educational plans and objectives, with a view to creating a link betweeneducation and the needs of society and production.

Article 59: Freedom of scientific research

Freedom of scientific research is guaranteed. Universities, scientific and linguisticacademies, and research centers are independent. The state provides them with a sufficient percentage of the national revenue.

Article 60: The Arabic language and religious education

The Arabic language is a primary subject in all stages of education in all educationalinstitutions.

Religious education and national history are core subjects of pre-universityeducation in all its forms.

Universities are committed to the teaching of morals and ethics relating to variousdisciplines.

Article 61: Eradication of illiteracy

The state develops a comprehensive plan to eradicate illiteracy in all age groups, formales and females. The state will implement this plan with society’s participationwithin 10 years from the date of the Constitution.

Article 62: Healthcare

Healthcare is a right of every citizen. The state allocates a sufficient percentage ofthe national revenue to healthcare.

The state provides healthcare services and health insurance in accordance with justand high standards, to be free of charge for indigents.

All health facilities provide various forms of medical treatment to every citizen incases of emergency or danger to the life of a person.

The state supervises all health facilities, inspect them for quality of services, andmonitor all materials, products and means of health-related publicity. Legislation willbe issued and measures will be passed to put such supervision into effect.

Article 63: Environment

Each individual is entitled to live in a healthy and sound environment. The statecommits to maintaining and protecting the environment from pollution, to make useof natural resources in way that does not damage the environment and safeguardthe rights of future generations.

Article 64: Right to work

Work is a right, duty and honor for every citizen, guaranteed by the state on thebasis of the principles of equality, justice and equal opportunities.

There can be no forced labor except in accordance with law.

Public sector employees work in the service of the people. The state employs citizenson the basis of merit, without nepotism or mediation. Any violation of the foregoingis a crime punishable by law.

The state guarantees for every worker the right to fair pay, vacation, retirement andsocial security, healthcare, protection against occupational hazards, and theapplication of occupational safety conditions in the workplace, in accordance withthe law.

Workers may not be dismissed except in those situations that are set out by law.
Striking peacefully is a right which is organized by law.

Article 65: Martyrs

The state honors the martyrs of the 25 January Revolution as well as martyrs of warand of national duty, as well as the wounded. The state supports their families, aswell as the injured and war veterans, the families of those disappeared during war,and similar cases. They, their children and their wives are prioritised in employmentopportunities.

The foregoing is organized by law.

Article 66: Social security

The state provides social security services.

All citizens have the right to social security if they are unable to support themselvesand their families in case of incapacity, unemployment or old age, such that they areguaranteed a minimum standard of living.

Article 67: Pensions for farmers and others

The state works to provide an adequate pension for small-scale farmers, agriculturalworkers, casual workers, and all who do not have access to the social insurancesystem.

This is organized by law.

Article 68: Adequate housing, clean water and healthyfood
Adequate housing, clean water and healthy food are guaranteed rights.

The state adopts a national housing plan, which is based on social justice, thepromotion of independent initiatives and housing cooperatives, and the regulation ofthe use of national territory for the purposes of construction, in accordance with thepublic interest and with the rights of future generations.

Article 69: Right to play sports

The right to play sports is a right that belongs to everyone.

The state and society strive to discover talented athletes and support them, and takethe necessary measures to encourage exercise.

Article 70: Rights of the child

Every child, from the moment of birth, has the right to a proper name, family care,basic nutrition, shelter, health services, and religious, emotional and cognitivedevelopment.

The state commits to caring and protecting the child in case he loses his family. Thestate also guarantees the rights of disabled children, and their rehabilitation andintegration into society.

Child labor is prohibited before passing the age of compulsory education, in jobs thatare not fit for a child’s age, or that prevent the child from continuing education.

A child may only be detained for a limited period, and he must be provided with legalassistance, and be detained in an appropriate location, in which children must beseparated according to gender, age and type of crime, and be held away from placesof adult detention.

Article 71: Care for children and youth

The state guarantees care for children and youth; supports their spiritual, moral,cultural, educational, physical, psychological, social and economic development. Thestate enables them to engage in active political participation.

Article 72: People with disabilities

The state commits to providing people with disabilities with health, educational,economic and social care, and provides them with employment opportunities, raisessocial awareness on their situation, and adapts public facilities to suit their needs.

Article 73: Oppression, exploitation and sex trafficking

All forms of oppression, exploitation and sex trafficking are prohibited andcriminalized by law.


Preamble
State and Society
Political Principles
Social and Ethical Principles
Economic Principles
Rights and Freedoms
Personal Rights
Moral and Political Rights
Economic and Social Rights
Guarantees for the Protection of Rights and Freedoms
Public Authorities
Legislative Authority
Common provisions
Council of Representatives
Shura Council
Executive Authority
President
Cabinet
Judicial Authority
General Provisions
Judiciary and Public Prosecution
State Council
Supreme Constitutional Court
Judicial Bodies
The legal profession
The experts
Local Administration
Local Administrative Division of the State
Local Councils
National Security and Defense
National Security Council
Armed Forces
National Defense Council
Military Judiciary
Police
Independent Bodies and Regulatory Agencies
Regulatory Agencies
National Anti Corruption Commission
Central Auditing Organization
Central Bank
Economic and Social Council
National Electoral Commission
Independent bodies
Supreme Authority for Endowment Affairs
Supreme Authority for Heritage Conservation
National Council for Education and Scientific Research
Independent Press and Media Organizations
Final And Transitional Provisions
Amendments to the Constitution
Transitional Provisions
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