General Provisions

General Provisions

- Constitution of Egypt

Chapter 2: General Provisions

Article 219: Principles of Islamic Sharia

The principles of Islamic Sharia include general evidence, foundational rules, rules ofjurisprudence, and credible sources accepted in Sunni doctrines and by the larger community.

Article 220: Capital

Cairo is the capital of the state. The capital may be moved by law.

Article 221: National flag

The national flag, the state’s emblem, decorations, insignia, seal and the nationalanthem are defined by law.

Article 222: Validity of existing law

Provisions stipulated by laws and regulations prior to the proclamation of thisConstitution remain valid and in force. They may not be amended or repealed exceptin accordance with the regulations and procedures prescribed in the Constitution.

Article 223: Promulgation of laws

Laws are published in the Official Gazette within 15 days from the date of theirissuance, to be effective 30 days from the day following the date of publication,unless the law specifies a different date.

Provisions of the laws apply only from the date of their enforcement and have noretroactive effect. However, with the approval of a two-thirds majority of themembers of the Council of Representatives, provisions to the contrary may be madein articles pertaining to non-criminal and non-tax-related matters.

Article 224: Electoral system

Elections of the Council of Representatives, Shura Council and local councils are heldin accordance with the system of individual candidacy, a list-based system, acombination of the two, or any other electoral system defined by law.

Article 225: Entry into force

This Constitution is in force as of the date of announcing the public approval of it in areferendum, based on a majority of valid votes of the referendum participants.


Preamble
State and Society
Political Principles
Social and Ethical Principles
Economic Principles
Rights and Freedoms
Personal Rights
Moral and Political Rights
Economic and Social Rights
Guarantees for the Protection of Rights and Freedoms
Public Authorities
Legislative Authority
Common provisions
Council of Representatives
Shura Council
Executive Authority
President
Cabinet
Judicial Authority
General Provisions
Judiciary and Public Prosecution
State Council
Supreme Constitutional Court
Judicial Bodies
The legal profession
The experts
Local Administration
Local Administrative Division of the State
Local Councils
National Security and Defense
National Security Council
Armed Forces
National Defense Council
Military Judiciary
Police
Independent Bodies and Regulatory Agencies
Regulatory Agencies
National Anti Corruption Commission
Central Auditing Organization
Central Bank
Economic and Social Council
National Electoral Commission
Independent bodies
Supreme Authority for Endowment Affairs
Supreme Authority for Heritage Conservation
National Council for Education and Scientific Research
Independent Press and Media Organizations
Final And Transitional Provisions
Amendments to the Constitution
Transitional Provisions
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