Local Administration

Local Administration

Local Administration

Local Administration

- Constitution of Egypt

Local Administration

Section 1: Local and administrative division of the state

Article 183: Local administrative units

The state is divided into local administrative units that have legal personality. Theyincorporate governorates, provinces, cities, districts and villages. One administrativeunit may comprise more than one village or district. Other administrative units thathave legal personality may be established. The foregoing will be organised by law in away that supports decentralisation, that empowers administrative units in providinglocal services and facilities, that reinvigorates them and improves theiradministration.

Article 184: Technical, administrative and financialassistance from the state

The state guarantees that it will satisfy the local unit’s needs in terms of technical,administrative and financial assistance, and ensures the equitable distribution offacilities, services and resources, and works to bring development levels and livingstandards in these units to a common standard. This will be organised by law.

Article 185: Local taxes and fees

Local units’ income includes additional taxes and fees of a local nature. The unitfollows the same rules and procedures in the collection of public funds as followed bythe state. The foregoing is regulated by law.

Article 186: Cooperation between local units

The law regulates cooperation between local units in matters of mutual benefit andmeans of cooperation between local units and the state apparatus.

Article 187: Selection of governors

The law regulates the manner in which governors and heads of other localadministrative units are selected, and defines their mandate.

Section 2: Local Councils

Article 188: Election of local councils

Every local unit elects a local council by direct, secret ballot for a term of four years.

Representatives from the executive apparatus of the local unit forms part of thecouncil but have no counted vote.

Every council elects its president and deputy from among its elected members.

Conditions and procedures for nomination and election are regulated by law.

Article 189: Mandate

The local council is concerned with issues of concern in the unit it represents. Itcreates and manages local facilities, economic, social and health-related activities, aswell as other activities. The foregoing is organised by law.

Article 190: Local council decisions

Local council decisions that are issued within the council’s mandate are final. theyare not subject to interference from the executive branch of government, except toprevent the council from overstepping limits, or causing damage to public interest orthe interests of other local councils.

Any dispute over the jurisdiction of a local council is dealt with as a matter ofurgency by the Legislation Department of the State Council. The foregoing isorganised by law.

Article 191: Budget and final accounts
Every local council is in charge of its own budget and final accounts, in the mannerorganised by law.
Article 192: Dissolution of local councils
It is prohibited to dissolve local councils as part of a comprehensive administrativeprocedure. The manner to dissolve and re-elect any one of them is organised by law.

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