Amending the Constitution

Amending the Constitution

- Constitution of Estonia

CHAPTER XV. Amending the Constitution

Article 161. The right to initiate constitutional amendments rests with at least one fifth of the State Assembly membership and the President of the Republic. Constitutional amendments cannot be initiated, nor the constitution changed, during a state of emergency or state of war.
Article 162. Chapter I titled "General Provisions" and Chapter XV titled "Amending the Constitution" can only be changed by a popular election.
Article 163. The constitution can be amended by a law that is passed: (1) by a popular election; (2) by two consecutive memberships of the State Assembly; (3) by the State Assembly as an urgent measure. The bill for legislation to amend the constitution will be discussed at three readings of the State Assembly, while the interval between the first and the second reading is at least three months, and the interval between the second and the third reading at least one month. The manner of amending the constitution will be decided at the third reading.
Article 164. The bill for legislation to amend the constitution can be put up for popular election with a three fifth majority vote of the membership of the State Assembly. The popular election cannot be held sooner than three months from the time such resolution was passed by the State Assembly.
Article 165. Amending the constitution by two consecutive memberships of the State Assembly requires that the bill for legislation to amend the constitution get the majority support of the State Assembly membership. If the subsequent membership of the State Assembly passes, with a three fifth majority vote of its current membership, the bill of the legislation to amend the constitution that had already been passed with the support of the previous membership, at its first reading and without making any changes, then the law to amend the constitution is passed.
Article 166. The resolution to deal with the bill of the legislation to amend the constitution as an urgent matter, will be passed with a four fifth majority vote of the State Assembly membership. The bill of the legislation to amend the constitution will, in that case, be passed with a two thirds majority vote of the State Assembly membership.
Article 167. The law to amend the constitution will be proclaimed by the President of the Republic and will go into effect on the date specified by the law itself, but not sooner than three months after the law was proclaimed.
Article 168. Constitutional amendments in the same matter cannot be initiated for one year from the time the bill of such legislation was defeated in the popular elections or in the State Assembly.
Preamble
General Provisions
Basic Rights Liberties and Obligations
People
Parliament
President of the Republic
Government of the Republic
Legislation
Finance and the State Budget
Foreign Relations and Foreign Agrements
State Defense
State Control
Chancellor of Justice
Court
Local Government
Amending the Constitution
Draft Law on Implementing the Constitution
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