Chancellor of Justice

Chancellor of Justice

- Constitution of Estonia

CHAPTER XII. The Chancellor of Justice

Article 139. The chancellor of justice is an independently functioning official, who oversees the constitutionality and legality of any legal measures passed by the legislative and executive powers of the state and local governments. The chancellor of justice analyzes proposals submitted to him or her on amending laws, passing new laws and the functioning of state agencies and will, whenever needed, make a presentation to the State Assembly. The chancellor of justice proposes to the State Assembly, in cases specified in Articles 76, 85, 101, 138 and 153 of the constitution, that a member of the State Assembly, the President of the Republic, a member of the Government of the Republic, the state controller, the chairman of the State Court or a member of the State Court be held criminally liable.
Article 140. The chancellor of justice is appointed for seven years by the State Assembly on the recommendation of the President of the Republic. The chancellor of justice can be released only by a court decision.
Article 141. The chancellor of justice has the same rights for running his or her office, as are granted by law to ministers for running their ministries. The chancellor of justice can participate by having the floor at the sessions of the State Assembly and the Government of the Republic.
Article 142. If the chancellor of justice finds that a legal measure of the legislative or executive branches of the state, or of some local government is in conflict with the constitution or the law, he or she will propose to the agency that passed the measure that it be made compatible with the constitution or the law. If the measure has not been made compatible with the constitution or the law within 20 days, the chancellor of justice will propose to the State Court that such a measure be declared void.
Article 143. Once a year, the chancellor of justice submits to the State Assembly an overview of the constitutionality and legality of legal measures passed by the legislative and executive branches of the state and local government units.
Article 144. The legal status of the chancellor of justice and the procedures for his or her office will be established by law.
Article 145. The chancellor of justice can be held criminally liable only on the recommendation of the President of the Republic, with the majority membership consent of the State Assembly.
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