General Provisions

General Provisions

- Constitution of Estonia

CHAPTER I: General Provisions

Article 1. Estonia is an independent and sovereign democratic republic, where the highest power of the state rests with the people. Estonia's independence and sovereignty are timeless and inalienable.
Article 2. The land of the Republic of Estonia, its territorial waters and air space form an entity that is inseparable and indivisible. Estonia has a uniform order of state, the administrative division of which is determined by law.
Article 3. State power will be exercised only on the basis of the constitution and laws compatible with it. The generally recognized principles and norms of international law are an integral part of the Estonian system of justice. Laws will be proclaimed according to procedures established. Compliance is required only with laws that have been proclaimed.
Article 4. The activity of the State Assembly, the President of the Republic, the Government and the courts of the Republic is based on the principle of separation and balancing of powers.
Article 5. Estonia's natural resources and assets constitute the national wealth that should be used judiciously.
Article 6. Estonia's state language is Estonian.
Article 7. Estonia's state colors are blue, black and white. The shape of the state flag and the escutcheon are established by law.
Preamble
General Provisions
Basic Rights Liberties and Obligations
People
Parliament
President of the Republic
Government of the Republic
Legislation
Finance and the State Budget
Foreign Relations and Foreign Agrements
State Defense
State Control
Chancellor of Justice
Court
Local Government
Amending the Constitution
Draft Law on Implementing the Constitution
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