Budget Management in the Federation

Budget Management in the Federation

- Constitution of Germany

Article 109[Budget management in the Federation and the Länder]

(1) The Federation and the Länder shall be autonomous and independent of one another in the management of their respective budgets.

(2) The Federation and the Länder shall jointly discharge the obligations of the Federal Republic of Germany resulting from legal acts of the European Community for the main­tenance of budgetary discipline pursuant to Article 104 of the Treaty Establishing the European Community and shall, within this framework, give due regard to the requirements of overall economic equilibrium.

(3) The budgets of the Federation and the Länder shall, in principle, be balanced without revenue from credits. The Federation and Länder may introduce rules intended to take into account, symmetrically in times of upswing and downswing, the effects of market developments that deviate from normal conditions, as well as exceptions for natural disasters or unusual emergency situations beyond governmental control and substantially harmful to the state’s financial capacity. For such exceptional regimes, a corresponding amortisation plan must be adopted. Details for the budget of the Federation shall be governed by Article 115 with the proviso that the first sentence shall be deemed to be satisfied if revenue from credits does not exceed 0.35 per cent in relation to the nominal gross domestic product. The Länder themselves shall regulate details for the budgets within the framework of their con­stitutional powers, the proviso being that the first sentence shall only be deemed to be satisfied if no revenue from credits is admitted.

(4) A federal law requiring the consent of the Bundesrat may establish principles applicable to both the Federation and the Länder governing budgetary law, cyclically appro­priate budgetary management and long-term financial planning.

(5) Sanctions imposed by the European Community on the ba­sis of the provisions of Article 104 of the Treaty Establish­ing the European Community in the interest of maintaining budgetary discipline shall be borne by the Federation and the Länder at a ratio of 65 to 35 per cent. In solidarity, the Länder as a whole shall bear 35 per cent of the charges incumbent on the Länder according to the number of their inhabitants; 65 per cent of the charges incumbent on the Länder shall be borne by the Länder according to their degree of causation. Details shall be regulated by a federal law which shall require the consent of the Bundesrat.


Basic Law of Germany

Preamble
Basic Rights
Federation and the Lander
Bundestag
Bundesrat
Joint Committee
Composition Rules of procedure
Federal President
Federal Government
Federal Legislation
Execution of Federal Laws
Joint Tasks
Judiciary
Finance
State of Defence
Transitional and Concluding Provisions
Constitution Germany Budget Management In The Federation 2022
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