Concurrent Legislative Powers

Concurrent Legislative Powers

Concurrent Legislative Powers

Concurrent Legislative Powers

- Constitution of Germany

Article 72[Concurrent legislative powers]

(1) On matters within the concurrent legislative power, the Länder shall have power to legislate so long as and to the extent that the Federation has not exercised its legislative power by enacting a law.

(2) The Federation shall have the right to legislate on matters falling within items 4, 7, 11, 13, 15, 19a, 20, 22, 25 and 26 of paragraph (1) of Article 74, if and to the extent that the establishment of equivalent living conditions throughout the federal territory or the maintenance of legal or econom­ic unity renders federal regulation necessary in the national interest.

(3) If the Federation has made use of its power to legislate, the Länder may enact laws at variance with this legislation with respect to:

1. hunting (except for the law on hunting licences);

2. protection of nature and landscape management (ex­cept for the general principles governing the protection of nature, the law on protection of plant and animal species or the law on protection of marine life);

3. land distribution;

4. regional planning;

5. management of water resources (except for regulations related to materials or facilities);

6. admission to institutions of higher education and requirements for graduation in such institutions. Federal laws on these matters shall enter into force no earlier than six months following their promulgation unless otherwise provided with the consent of the Bundesrat. As for the relationship between federal law and law of the Länder, the latest law enacted shall take precedence with respect to matters within the scope of the first sentence.

(4) A federal law may provide that federal legislation which is no longer necessary within the meaning of paragraph (2) of this Article may be superseded by Land law.

Basic Law of Germany

Basic Rights
Federation and the Lander
Joint Committee
Composition Rules of procedure
Federal President
Federal Government
Federal Legislation
Execution of Federal Laws
Joint Tasks
State of Defence
Transitional and Concluding Provisions
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