- Constitution of Haiti


Section B
The Senate
Article 94:

The Senate is a body composed of members elected by direct suffrage of the citizens and charged with exercising on their behalf, in concert with the House of Deputies, the duties of the Legislative Branch.

Article 94-1:

The number of Senators is set at three (3) per Department.

Article 94-2:

A Senator of Republic is elected by universal suffrage by an absolute majority of votes in the Primary Assemblies held in the geographic Departments, under the terms prescribed by the Electoral Law.

Article 95:

Senators are elected for six (6) years and may be reelected an indefinite number of times.

Article 95-1:

The Senate is permanently session.

Article 95-2:

The Senate may however adjourn, but not during the Legislative Section. When it adjourns, it leaves a permanent, committee charged with handling current business. The committee may not make any decisions, except to convene the Senate.

In emergencies, the Executive may also convene the Senate before the end of the adjournment period.

Article 95-3:

One-third (1/3) of the Senate is replaced every two (2) years.

Article 96:

To be elected to the Senate, a person must:

1. Be a native-born Haitian and never have renounced his nationality;

2. Have attained thirty (30) years of age;

3. Enjoy civil and political rights and never have been sentenced to death, personal restraint or penal servitude or the loss of civil rights for a crime of ordinary law;

4. Have resided in the Department he will represent, at least four (4) consecutive years prior to the date of the elections;

5. Own at least one (1) real property in the Department and practice a profession or trade there;

6. Have been relieved, if need be, of his responsibilities as a manager of public funds.

Article 97:

In addition to the responsibilities incumbent upon it as a branch of the Legislature, the Senate shall have the following powers:

1. To propose to the Executive the list of Supreme Court (Cour de Cassation) justices according to the provisions of the Constitution;

2. Constitute itself as a High Court of Justice;

3. Exercise all other powers assigned to it by this Constitution and by law.

Constitution of Haiti

Republic of Haiti
Haitian Nationality
Nature of the Citizenship
Basic Rights
Right to life and Health
Individual Liberty
Freedom of Expression
Freedom of Conscience
Freedom of assembly and Association
Education and Teaching
Freedom to Work
Right to Information
Right to Security
Duties of the Citizen
National Sovereignty
Territorial Divisions And Decentralization
Communal Sections
Delegates and Vice Presidents
Interdepartamental Council
Legislative Branch
House of Deputies
National Assembly
Exercise of Legislative Power
Executive Branch
President of the Republic
Duties of the President of the Republic
Powers of The Prime Minister
Ministers and Secretaries of State
High Court of Justice
Independent Institutions
Permanent Electoral Council
Superior Court of Auditors
Conciliation Comission
Protection of Citizens
University Academy Culture
Public Finance
Civil Service
Economics and Agriculture
Armed Forces and the Police Force
Armed Forces
Police Forces
General Provisions
Amendments to the Constitution
Temporary Provisions
Final Provisions
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