Elections

Elections

Elections

Elections

- Constitution of India

Part XV - Elections

 

Article 324 Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an election commission

(1) The superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to Parliament and to the Legislature of every State and of elections to the offices of President and Vice-President held under this Constitution shall be vested in a Commission (referred to in this Constitution as the Election Commission).
(2) The Election Commission shall consist of the Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other Election Commissioners, if any, as the President may from time to time fix and the appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners shall, subject to the provisions of any law made in that behalf by Parliament, be made by the President.
(3) When any other Election Commissioner is so appointed the Chief Election Commissioner shall act as the Chairman of the Election Commission.
(4) Before each general election to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of each State, and before the first general election and thereafter before each biennial election to the Legislative Council of each State having such Council, the President may also appoint after consultation with the Election
Commission such Regional Commissioners as he may consider necessary to assist the Election Commission in the performance of the functions conferred on the Commission by clause (1).
(5) Subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, the conditions of service and tenure of office of the Election Commissioners and the Regional Commissioners shall be such as the President may by rule determine:
Provided that the Chief Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court and the conditions of service of the Chief Election Commissioner shall not be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment:
Provided further that any other Election Commissioner or a Regional Commissioner shall not be removed from office except on the recommendation of the Chief Election Commissioner.
(6) The President, or the Governor of a State, shall, when so requested by the Election Commission, make available to the Election Commission or to a Regional Commissioner such staff as may be necessary for the discharge of the functions conferred on the Election Commission by clause (1).

Article 325 No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex
There shall be one general electoral roll for every territorial constituency for election to either House of Parliament or to the House or either House of the Legislature of a State and no person shall be ineligible for inclusion in any such roll or claim to be included in any special electoral roll for any such constituency on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or any of them.

Article 326 Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage
The elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage; that is to say, every person who is a citizen of India and who is not less than eighteen years of age on such date as may be fixed in that behalf by or under any law made by the appropriate Legislature and is not otherwise disqualified under this Constitution or any law made by the appropriate Legislature on the ground of non-residence, unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or illegal practice, shall be entitled to be registered as a voter at any such election.

Article 327 Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures
Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may from time to time by law make provision with respect to all matters relating to, or in connection with, elections to either House of Parliament or to the House or either House of the Legislature of a State including the preparation of electoral rolls, the delimitation of constituencies and all other matters necessary for securing the due constitution of such House or Houses.

Article 328 Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature
Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and in so far as provision in that behalf is not made by Parliament, the Legislature of a State may from time to time by law make provision with respect to all matters relating to, or in connection with, the elections to the House or either House of the Legislature of the State including the preparation of electoral rolls and all other matters necessary for securing the due constitution of such House or Houses.

Article 329 Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters
Notwithstanding anything in this Constitution -
(a) the validity of any law relating to the delimitation of constituencies or the allotment of seats to such constituencies, made or purporting to be made under article 327 or article 328,
shall not be called in question in any court;
(b) no election to either House of Parliament or to the House or either House of the Legislature of a State shall be called in question except by an election petition presented to such authority and in such manner as may be provided for by or under any law made by the appropriate Legislature.

Article 329A Special provision as to elections to Parliament in the case of Prime Minister and Speaker
{...}


Constitution of India

Preamble
Union and its Territory
Citizenship
Fundamental Rights
General Fundamental Rights
Right to Equality
Right to Freedom
Right against Exploitation
Right to Freedom of Religion
Cultural and Educational Rights
Saving of Certain Laws
Right to Constitutional Remedies
Directive Principles Of State Policy
Fundamental Duties
Union
Executive
President and Vice President
Council of Ministers
Attorney General for India
Conduct of Government Business
Parliament
General Parliament
Officers of Parliament
Conduct of Business
Disqualifications of Members
Parliament and its Members
Legislative Procedure
Procedure in Financial Matters
Procedure Generally
Legislative Powers of the President
Union Judiciary
Comptroller and Auditor General of India
General The States
Governor
Advocate General for the State
State Legislature
General State Legislature
Officers of the State Legislature
Powers Privileges and Immunities
Legislative Power of The Governor
High Courts in the States
Subordinate Courts
States in Part B of the First Schedule
Union Territories
Panchayats
Municipalities
Scheduled and Tribal Areas
Relations Between The Union and the States
Legislative Relations
Administrative Relations
General Administrative Relations
Disputes relating to Waters
Co ordination between States
Finance Property Contracts and Suits
Finance
General Finance
Distribution of Revenues
Miscellaneous Financial Provisions
Borrowing
Property Contracts Rights and Suits
Right to Property
Trade Commerce and Intercourse Within the Territory
Services Under the Union and the States
Services
Public Service Commissions
Tribunals
Elections
Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes
Official Language
Language of the Union
Regional Languages
Language of the Supreme Court
Special Directives
Emergency Provisions
Miscellaneous
Amendment of the Constitution
Temporary Transitional and Special Provisions
Short Title Commencement Authoritative
First Schedule
Second Schedule
Second Schedule Part A
Second Schedule Part B
Second Schedule Part C
Second Schedule Part D
Second Schedule Part E
Third Schedule
Fourth Schedule
Fifth Schedule
Fifth Schedule Part A
Fifth Schedule Part B
Fifth Schedule Part C
Fifth Schedule Part D
Sixth Schedule
Seventh Schedule
Eighth Schedule
Ninth Schedule
Tenth Schedule
Eleventh Schedule
Twelfth Schedule
Appendix I
Appendix II
Constitution India Elections 2022


Will the Integrity and Independence of the Election Commission of India Withstand BJP’s Shenanigans? American Kahani
SY Quraishi writes: How to cement the Election Commission's credibility The Indian Express
Election Commissioner shouldn't be a 'yes-man': Supreme Court - INSIGHTSIAS Insights IAS
Supreme Court calls out Centre over short tenures of Chief Election Commissioners The Hindu


Does India matter in Nepali elections? Observer Research Foundation
Will walk on road to unity till every word of Constitution is upheld: Rahul Gandhi National Herald
Electoral list 'violates' IOA constitution The Tribune India