Preamble

Preamble

- Constitution of Ireland

Preamble

BUNREACHT NA hÉIREANN


CONSTITUTION OF IRELAND

Enacted by the People 1st July, 1937

In operation as from 29th December, 1937

This text of the Constitution is a copy of the text enrolled on 27 May, 1999 pursuant to Article 25.5.2° except that:

the Transitory Provisions (Articles 51-63) are omitted as required by their terms; the Irish text has been altered so as to make it conform to modern standardized Irish; the twentieth amendment, enacted subsequent to enrolment, is incorporated; the new Articles 2 and 3 and the new section 8 in Article 29 are inserted pursuant to the provisions of the Nineteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1998; the twenty-first, twenty-third and twenty-sixth amendments, enacted subsequent to enrolment have now been incorporated. Amendments effected since the Constitution was enacted in 1937 up to the time of printing of this edition (November 2002) are listed below.



AMENDING ACTS , SHORT TITLE, DATES OF SIGNATURE
First Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1939 [Extended to conflicts in which the State is not a participant the provision for a state of emergency to secure the public safety and preservation of the State in time of war or armed rebellion.] 2 September, 1939
Second Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1941 [An omnibus proposal, covering a range of disparate Articles, aimed at tidying up the Constitution in the light of experience since its enactment.] 30 May, 1941
Third Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1972 [Allowed the State to become a member of the European Communities.] 8 June, 1972
Fourth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1972 [Reduced the minimum voting age at Dáil and Presidential elections and referendums from 21 years to 18 years.] 5 January, 1973
Fifth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1972 [Removed from the Constitution the special position of the Catholic Church and the recognition of other named religious denominations.] 5 January, 1973
Sixth Amendment of the Constitution (Adoption) Act, 1979 [Ensured that adoption orders made by the Adoption Board could not be declared invalid because they were not made by a court.] 3 August, 1979
Seventh Amendment of the Constitution (Election of Members of Seanad Éireann by Institutions of Higher Education) Act, 1979 [Provided for the election of members of Seanad Éireann by universities and other institutions of higher education.] 3 August, 1979
Eighth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1983 [Acknowledged the right to life of the unborn, with due regard to the equal right to life of the mother.] 7 October, 1983
Ninth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1984 [Extended the right to vote at Dáil elections to certain non-Irish nationals.] 2 August, 1984
Tenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1987 [Allowed the State to ratify the Single European Act.] 22 June, 1987


Eleventh Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992
[Allowed the State to ratify the Treaty on European Union (Maastricht)
and to become a member of that union.]


16 July, 1992


There is no Twelfth Amendment. On 25 November 1992, three proposals were put to the people, the Twelfth, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments. The people rejected the Twelfth (which dealt with the right to life of the unborn) and approved the Thirteenth and Fourteenth (below).


Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992
[Provided that Article 40.3.3° (the right to life of the unborn) would not limit freedom to travel between Ireland and another state]


23 December, 1992


Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1992
[ Provided that Article 40.3.3° ( the right to life of the unborn) would not limit freedom to obtain or make available information relating to services lawfully available in another state.]


23 December, 1992


Fifteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1995
[ Provided for the dissolution of marriage in certain specified circumstances.]


17 June 1996


Sixteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1996
[Provided for the refusal to bail by a court to a person charged with a serious offence where it is reasonably considered necessary to prevent the commission of a serious offence by that person.]


12 December, 1996


Seventeenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1997
[Provided that the confidentiality of discussions at meetings of the Government would be respected save only where the High Court, in certain specified circumstances, determined that disclosure should be made]


14 November, 1997


Eighteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1998
[Allowed the State to ratify the Treaty of Amsterdam.]


3 June, 1998


Nineteenth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1998
[Allowed the State to consent to be bound by the British-Irish Agreement done at Belfast on 10 April 1998 and provided that certain further amendments to the Constitution, notably to Articles 2 and 3, would come into effect when that agreement entered into force.]


3 June, 1998


Twentieth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 1999
[Provided constitutional recognition of the role of local government and that local elections are held at least every five years.]


23 June, 1999

Twenty-first Amendment of the Constitution Act, 2001 [Prohibition of death penalty and removal of references to death penalty]

27 March, 2002

There is no Twenty–second Amendment of the Constitution. The Twenty–second Amendment of the Constitution Bill, 2001 [relating to the removal of a judge from office and providing for a body to be established by law to investigate or cause to be investigated conduct constituting misbehaviour by a judge or affected by incapacity of a judge] was not passed by the Houses of the Oireachtas.

Twenty–third Amendment of the Constitution Act, 2001 [Allowing the State to ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court].

27 March, 2002

There is no Twenty-fourth Amendment of the Constitution . On 7 June, 2001, three proposals were put to the people, the Twenty-first, Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Amendments. The people rejected the Twenty-fourth (which dealt with the Treaty of Nice) and approved the Twenty-first and Twenty-third (above).

There is no Twenty-fifth Amendment. On 6 March, 2002, a proposal for the Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Constitution was put to the people and was rejected [Protection of Pregnancy in Human Life].


Twenty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution Act, 2002. [Allowed the State to ratify the Treaty of Nice].

7 November, 2002


Twenty-seventh Amendment of the Constitution Act, 2004.[Irish citizenship of children of non-national parents]

24 June, 2004

CONSTITUTION OF IRELAND

In the Name of the Most Holy Trinity, from Whom is all authority and to Whom, as our final end, all actions both of men and States must be referred,

We, the people of Éire,

Humbly acknowledging all our obligations to our Divine Lord, Jesus Christ, Who sustained our fathers through centuries of trial,

Gratefully remembering their heroic and unremitting struggle to regain the rightful independence of our Nation,

And seeking to promote the common good, with due observance of Prudence, Justice and Charity, so that the dignity and freedom of the individual may be assured, true social order attained, the unity of our country restored, and concord established with other nations,

Do hereby adopt, enact, and give to ourselves this Constitution.



Constitution of Ireland

Preamble
Nation
State
President
National Parliament
Constitution and Powers
Dail Eireann
Seanad Eireann
Legislation
Government
Local Government
International Relations
Attorney General
Council of State
Comptroller and Auditor General
Courts
Trial Of Offences
Fundamental Rights
Personal Rights
Family
Education
Private Property
Religion
Directive Principles of Social Policy
Amendment of the Constitution
Referendum
Repeal of Constitution of Saorstat
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