Amendments To The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia

Amendments To The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia

- Constitution of Macedonia

X.AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

AMENDMENT I

1. The Republic of Macedonia has no territorial pretensions towards any neighboring state.
2. The borders of the Republic of Macedonia can only be changed in accordance with the Constitution and on the principle of free will, as well as in accordance with generally accepted international norms.
3. Clause 1. of this Amendment is an Addendum to Article 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia. Clause 2. replaces Paragraph 3 of the same Article.

AMENDMENT II

1. In the exercise of this concern the Republic will not interfere in the sovereign rights of other states or in their internal affairs.
2. This Amendment is an Addendum to Paragraph 1 of Article 49 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia. These Amendments are an integral part of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and came into force on the day they were promulgated, on January 6th, 1992.

AMENDMENT III

1. Detention until the indictment may last, by a court decision, for a maximum period of 180 days from the day of detention. After the indictment, detention may be prolonged or determined by a competent court in case and in procedure prescribed by law.
2. This amendment replaces Paragraph 5 of Article 12 of the Constitution.

AMENDMENT IV

1. The citizens of the Republic of Macedonia, the Macedonian people, as well as citizens living within its borders who are part of the Albanian people, the Turkish people, the Vlach people, the Serbian people, the Romany people, the Bosniak people and others taking responsibility for the present and future of their fatherland, aware of and grateful to their predecessors for their sacrifice and dedication in their endeavours and struggle to create an independent and sovereign state of Macedonia, and responsible to future generations to preserve and develop everything that is valuable from the rich cultural inheritance and coexistence within Macedonia, equal in rights and obligations towards the common good - the Republic of Macedonia - in accordance with the tradition of the Krushevo Republic and the decisions of the Antifascist People’s Liberation Assembly of Macedonia, and the Referendum of September 8, 1991, have decided to establish the Republic of Macedonia as an independent, sovereign state, with the intention of establishing and consolidating the rule of law, guaranteeing human rights and civil liberties, providing peace and coexistence, social justice, economic well-being and prosperity in the life of the individual and the community, and, in this regard, through their representatives in the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, elected in free and democratic elections, adopt . . . .
2. Item 1 of this amendment replaces the Preamble of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT V

1. The Macedonian language, written using its Cyrillic alphabet, is the official language throughout the Republic of Macedonia and in the international relations of the Republic of Macedonia. Any other language spoken by at least 20 percent of the population is also an official language, written using its alphabet, as specified below. Any official personal documents of citizens speaking an official language other than Macedonian shall also be issued in that language, in addition to the Macedonian language, in accordance with the law. Any person living in a unit of local self-government in which at least 20 percent of the population speaks an official language other than Macedonian may use that official language to communicate with the regional office of the central government with responsibility for that municipality; such an office shall reply in that language in addition to Macedonian. Any person may use any official language to communicate with a main office of the central government, which shall reply in that language in addition to Macedonian. In the organs of the Republic of Macedonia, any official language other than Macedonian may be used in accordance with the law. In the units of local self-government where at least 20 percent of the population speaks a particular language, that language and its alphabet shall be used as an official language in addition to the Macedonian language and the Cyrillic alphabet. With respect to languages spoken by less than 20 percent of the population of a unit of local self-government, the local authorities shall decide on their use in public bodies.
2. This amendment replaces Article 7 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT VI

1. Equitable representation of persons belonging to all communities in public bodies at all levels and in other areas of public life;
2. Item 1 of this amendment is an addition to line 2 of Article 8 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT VII

1. The Macedonian Orthodox Church, as well as the Islamic Religious Community in Macedonia, the Catholic Church, Evangelical Methodist Church, the Jewish Community and other Religious communities and groups are separate from the state and equal before the law.
2. The Macedonian Orthodox Church, as well as the Islamic Religious Community in Macedonia, the Catholic Church, Evangelical Methodist Church, the Jewish Community and other Religious communities and groups are free to establish schools and other social and charitable institutions, by way of a procedure regulated by law.
3. Item 1 of this amendment replaces paragraph 3 of Article 19 and Item 2 replaces paragraph 4 of Article 19 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT VIII

1. Members of communities have a right freely to express, foster and develop their identity and community attributes, and to use their community symbols. The Republic guarantees the protection of the ethnic, cultural, linguistic and religious identity of all communities. Members of communities have the right to establish institutions for culture, art, science and education, as well as scholarly and other associations for the expression, fostering and development of their identity. Members of communities have the right to instruction in their language in primary and secondary education, as determined by law. In schools where education is carried out in another language, the Macedonian language is also studied.
2. This amendment replaces Article 48 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT IX

1. The Republic guarantees the protection, promotion and enhancement of the historical and artistic heritage of Macedonia and all communities in Macedonia and the treasures of which it is composed, regardless of their legal status.
2. Item 1 of this amendment replaces paragraph 2 Article 56 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT X

1. The Assembly can take a decision if its meeting is attended by a majority of the total number of Representatives. The assembly makes decisions by a majority vote of the Representatives attending, but no less than one-third of the total number of Representatives, in so far as the Constitution does not provide for a qualified majority.
2. For laws that directly affect culture, use of language, education, personal documentation, and use of symbols, the Assembly makes decisions by a majority vote of the Representatives attending, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the Representatives attending who belong to communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia. In the event of a dispute within the Assembly regarding the application of this provision, the Committee on Inter-Community Relations shall resolve the dispute.
3. This amendment replaces Article 69 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XI

1. The Assembly elects the Public Attorney by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the total number of Representatives who belong to communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia.
2. The Public Attorney protects the constitutional rights and legal rights of citizens when these are violated by bodies of state administration and by other bodies and organizations with public mandates. The Public Attorney shall give particular attention to safeguarding the principles of non-discrimination and equitable representation of communities in public bodies at all levels and in other areas of public life.
3. Item 1 of this amendment replaces paragraph 1 of Article 77, and Item 2 is added to paragraph 2 of Article 77 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XII

1. The Assembly shall establish a Committee for Inter-Community Relations. The Committee consists of 19 members of whom 7 members each are from the ranks of the Macedonians and Albanians within the Assembly, and a member each from among the Turks, Vlachs, Romas, Serbs and Bosniaks. If one of the communities does not have representatives, the Public Attorney, after consultation with relevant representatives of those communities, shall propose the remaining members of the Committee. The Assembly elects the members of the Committee. The Committee considers issues of inter-community relations in the Republic and makes appraisals and proposals for their solution. The Assembly is obliged to take into consideration the appraisals and proposals of the Committee and to make decisions regarding them. In the event of a dispute among members of the Assembly regarding the application of the voting procedure specified in Article 69(2), the Committee shall decide by a majority vote whether the procedure applies.
2. Item 1 of this amendment replaces Article 78 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and line 7 of Article 84 is deleted.

AMENDMENT XIII

1. In appointing the three members, the President shall ensure that the Security Council as a whole equitably reflects the composition of the population of Macedonia.
2. Item 1 of this amendment is added to paragraph 2 of Article 86 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XIV

1. Three of the members shall be elected by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the total number of Representatives who belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia.
2. This amendment is added to paragraph 2 of Article 104 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XV

1. The Assembly elects the judges of the Constitutional Court. The Assembly elects six of the judges to the Constitutional Court by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives. The Assembly elects three of the judges by a majority vote of the total number of Representatives, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the total number of Representatives who belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia. The term of office of the judges is nine years without the right to re-election.
2. This amendment replaces paragraph 2 of Article 109 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XVI

1. Local self-government is regulated by a law adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the total number of Representatives who belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia. The laws on local finances, local elections, boundaries of municipalities, and the city of Skopje shall be adopted by a majority vote of the Representatives attending, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the Representatives attending who belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia.
2. This amendment replaces paragraph 5 of Article 114 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XVII

1. In units of local self-government, citizens directly and through representatives participate in decision-making on issues of local relevance particularly in the fields of public services, urban and rural planning, environmental protection, local economic development, local finances, communal activities, culture, sport, social security and child care, education, health care and other fields determined by law.
2. In the city of Skopje the citizens directly and through representatives participate in decision-making on issues of relevance to the city of Skopje, particularly in the fields of public services, urban and rural planning, environmental protection, local economic development, local finances, communal activities, culture, sport, social security and child care, education, health care and other fields determined by law.
3. Item 1 of this amendment replaces paragraph 1 of Article 115 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, and Item 2 replaces paragraph 2 of Article 117 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XVIII

1. A decision to amend the Preamble, the articles on local self-government, Article 131, any provision relating to the rights of members of communities, including in particular Articles 7, 8, 9, 19, 48, 56, 69, 77, 78, 86, 104 and 109, as well as a decision to add any new provision relating to the subject-matter of such provisions and articles, shall require a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of Representatives, within which there must be a majority of the votes of the total number of Representatives who belong to the communities not in the majority in the population of Macedonia.
2. With this amendment a new paragraph is added to paragraph 4 of Article 131 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XIX

1. The freedom and inviolability of correspondence and other forms of communication is guaranteed. Only a court decision may, under conditions and in procedure prescribed by law, authorise non-application of the principle of inviolability of correspondence and other forms of communication, in cases where it is indispensable to preventing or revealing criminal acts, to a criminal investigation or where required in the interests of security and defence of the Republic.
2. This amendment replaces Article 17 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia. Pursuant to Article 131, paragraph 5 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, at its session held on 7 December 2005 adopted the following DECISION FOR PROCLAMATION OF THE AMENDMENTS XX, XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVI, XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX AND XXX TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA The amendments XX, XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVI, XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX and XXX to the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia are hereby proclaimed, Which the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia adopted at its session held on 7 December 2005. THE ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA No. 07-4542/1 PRESIDENT 7 December 2005 OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC Skopje OF MACEDONIA designed by Ljupco Jordanovski, PhD , That the copy is true to the original is certified by: DEPUTY-SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA Felek Kasami AMENDMENTS XX, XXI, XXII, XXIII, XXIV, XXV, XXVI, XXVII, XXVIII, XXIX AND XXX TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA These Amendments are an integral part of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and shall enter into force on the day of their promulgation.

AMENDMENT XX

1. For offences determined by law, sanction may be imposed, by a state administration body, organization and any other institution carrying public mandates. Court protection is guaranteed against final verdict for an offence, under conditions and procedure determined by law.
2. This amendment is an addendum to Article 13 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXI

1. The right to appeal against verdicts in first instance proceedings by a court is guaranteed. The right to appeal or any other legal protection against individual legal acts adopted in first instance proceedings by an administration body, organization and any other institution carrying public mandates shall be determined by law.
2. This amendment replaces Article 15 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXII

1. Proposes two members of the Judicial Council of the Republic of Macedonia.
2. This amendment replaces line 5, Article 84 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXIII

1. The Prime Minister is granted immunity. The Assembly decides on his or her immunity.
2. This amendment replaces paragraph 3 of Article 89 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXIV

1. P roposes the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of Macedonia having previously obtained opinion by the Council of Public Prosecutors.
2. This amendment replaces line 12 of Article 91 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXV

1. Judiciary power is exercised by courts. Courts are autonomous and independent. Courts judge on the basis of the Constitution and laws and international agreements ratified in accordance with the Constitution. Emergency courts are prohibited. The types of courts, their spheres of competence, their establishment, abrogation, organization and composition, as well as the procedure they follow are regulated by a law adopted by a of two-thirds majority vote of the total number of MP's.
2. Clause 1 of this amendment replaces Article 98 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXVI

1. The term of office of a judge ceases - if he/she so requests; - if he/she permanently loses the capability of carrying out a judge 's office, which is determined by the Judicial Council of the Republic of Macedonia; - if he/she fulfils the conditions for retirement; - if he/she is sentenced for a criminal offence to a prison term of a minimum of six months; - if he/she is elected or appointed to another public office, except when his/her judicial function rests under conditions determined by law; A judge is discharged - when he/she commits a serious disciplinary offense which makes him/her unsuitable to perform a judge 's office prescribed by law; and - he/she performs her judicial duty unprofessionally and unethically under conditions stipulated by law.
2. Clause 1 of this amendment replaces paragraph 3 of Article 99 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXVII

1. A judge shall not be held responsible for an opinion given in the process of rendering a court decision. A judge shall not be detained without the consent of the Judicial Council, except when caught in committing a criminal act for which a prison sentence of at least five years is prescribed.
2. The judicial function is incompatible with membership in a political party or with another public function or profession determined by law.
3. Clause 1 of this amendment replaces paragraph 2 of Article 100 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia, and clause 2 of this amendment replaces paragraph 3 of Article 100 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXVIII

1. The Judicial Council of the Republic of Macedonia is an independent and autonomous institution of the judiciary. The Council shall ensure and guarantee the independence and the autonomy of the judiciary. The Judicial Council is composed of fifteen members. The President of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Macedonia and the Minister of Justice are ex officio members of the Judicial Council. Eight members of the Council are elected by the judges from their own ranks. Three of them shall belong to the communities that are not majority in the Republic of Macedonia, insuring that equitable representation of citizens belonging to all communities shall be observed. Three members of the Council are elected by the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia with majority votes of the total number of MP's, and with majority votes from the total number of MP's who belong to the communities that are not majority in the Republic of Macedonia. Two members of the Council are proposed by the President of the Republic of Macedonia and are elected by the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, and one of them shall belong to the communities that are not majority in the Republic of Macedonia. The members of the Council elected by the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia, on a proposal of the President of the Republic of Macedonia shall be from among University law professors, lawyers and other prominent jurists. The members of the Council are elected for a term of six years, with the right to one re-election. The criteria and manner of election, as well as the basis and the procedure for termination of the mandate and dismissal of a member of the Council shall be determined by law. The office of a member of the Council is incompatible with membership in political parties and with performance of other public offices and professions determined by law.
2. This amendment replaces Article 104 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXIX

1. The Judicial Council of the Republic of Macedonia - elects and dismisses judges and lay judges; - determines the termination of a judge's office; - elects and dismisses Presidents of Courts; - monitors and assesses the work of the judges - decides on the disciplinary accountability of judges; - has the right to revoke the immunity of judges; - proposes two judges for the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Macedonia from among the judges; and - performs other duties stipulated by law. On the election of judges, lay judges and court presidents, equitable representation of citizens belonging the all communities shall be observed. The Council shall submit an annual report for its work to the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia in from, content and manner determined by law.
2. This amendment replaces Article 105 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and deletes line 15 of paragraph 1, Article 68 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXX

1. The Public Prosecutor 's Office performs his/her duties on the basis of the Constitution and law and the international agreements ratified in accordance with the Constitution. The function of the Public Prosecutor's Office is performed by the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of Macedonia and by the public prosecutors. The competences, establishment, termination, organization and functioning of the Public Prosecutor's Office is stipulated by law adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the total number of MP's. The Public Prosecutor of the Republic of Macedonia is appointed and dismissed by the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia for a term of six years with the right to re-election. The public prosecutors are elected by the Council of Public Prosecutors and their term of office shall have no restrictions. In the election of public prosecutors, equitable representation of citizens belonging to all communities shall be observed. The Council decides on dismissal of public prosecutors. The competences, composition and structure of the Council, the term of office of its members, as well as the basis and the procedure for termination of the mandate and for the dismissal of a member of the Council is stipulated by law. The basis and the procedure for termination of the mandate and dismissal of the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of Macedonia and OF the public prosecutors are determined by law. The function of the Public Prosecutor of the Republic of Macedonia and of a public prosecutor is incompatible with membership in a political party or with performance of any other public functions and professions stipulated by law. Political organization and activity in the public prosecution is prohibited.
2. This amendment replaces paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 106 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia and deletes Article 107 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXXI

1. A candidate is elected President if he/she wins a majority of the votes of those who voted, provided more than 40% of the registered voters voted.
2. This Amendment replaces paragraph 5 of Article 81 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

AMENDMENT XXXII

1. A citizen of the Republic of Macedonia can not be deprived of citizenship, nor can he/she be expelled from the Republic of Macedonia. A citizen of the Republic of Macedonia can not be extradited to another country, except based on a ratified international agreement upon a decision of the Court.
2. This Amendment replaces paragraph 2 of Article 4 of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.

Constitution of Macedonia

Preamble
Basic Provisions
Basic Freedoms and Rights
Civil and Political Freedoms and Rights
Economic Social and Cultural Rights
Guarantees of Basic Freedoms and Rights
Foundations for Economic Relations
Organization of State Authority
Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia
President of the Republic of Macedonia
Government of the Republic of Macedonia
Judiciary
Public Prosecutors Office
Constitutional Court of The Republic of Macedonia
Local Self Government
International Relations
Defence of the Republic and States of War and Emergency
Changes in the Constitution
Transitional and Final Clauses
Amendments To The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia
Amendment I
Amendment II
Amendment III
Amendment IV
Amendment V
Amendment VI
Amendment VII
Amendment VIII
Amendment IX
Amendment X
Amendment XI
Amendment XII
Amendment XIII
Amendment XIV
Amendment XV
Amendment XVI
Amendment XVII
Amendment XVIII
Amendment XIX
Amendment XXI
Amendment XXII
Amendment XXIII
Amendment XXIV
Amendment XXV
Amendment XXVI
Amendment XXVII
Amendment XXVIII
Amendment XXIX
Amendment XXX
Amendment XXXI
Amendment XXXII
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