Judiciary- Constitution of Macedonia
4. The Judiciary
Judiciary power is exercised by courts.
Courts are autonomous and independent. Courts judge on the basis of the Constitution and laws and international agreements ratified in accordance with the Constitution.
There is one form of organisation for the judiciary.
Emergency courts are prohibited.
The types of courts, their spheres of competence, their establishment, abrogation, organisation and composition, as well as the procedure they follow are regulated by a law adopted by a majority vote of two-thirds of the total number of Representatives.
A judge is elected without restriction of his/her term of office.
A judge cannot be transferred against his/her will.
A judge is discharged
Judges are granted immunity.
The Assembly decides on the immunity of judges.
The performance of a judge's office is incompatible with other public office, profession or membership in a political party.
Political organisation and activity in the judiciary is prohibited.
The Supreme Court of Macedonia is the highest court in the Republic, providing uniformity in the implementation of the laws by the courts.
Court hearings and the passing of verdicts are public.
The public can be excluded in cases determined by law.
The court tries cases in council.
The law determined cases in which a judge can sit alone.
Jury judges take part in a trial in cases determined by law.
Jury judges cannot be held answerable for their opinions and decisions concerning their verdict.
The Republican Judicial Council is composed of seven members.
The Assembly elects the members of the Council.
The members of the Council are elected from the ranks of outstanding members of the legal profession for a term of six years with the right to one reelection.
Members of the Republican Judicial Council are granted immunity. The Assembly decides on their immunity.
The office of a member of the Republican Judicial Council is incompatible with the performance of other public offices, professions or membership in political parties.
The Republican Judicial Council
Constitution of Macedonia
|Basic Freedoms and Rights|
|Civil and Political Freedoms and Rights|
|Economic Social and Cultural Rights|
|Guarantees of Basic Freedoms and Rights|
|Foundations for Economic Relations|
|Organization of State Authority|
|Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia|
|President of the Republic of Macedonia|
|Government of the Republic of Macedonia|
|Public Prosecutors Office|
|Constitutional Court of The Republic of Macedonia|
|Local Self Government|
|Defence of the Republic and States of War and Emergency|
|Changes in the Constitution|
|Transitional and Final Clauses|
|Amendments To The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia|
| Amendment XXXII
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