- Constitution of Qatar

Part II - The Emir

Article 64 The Emir is the Head of the State. His person is secure and should be respected.

Article 65 The Emir is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, has the right to supervise them, to be assisted by the Defence Council under his direct supervision. The formation of the Defence Council and the definition of its authority shall be as per an Emiri Decision.

Article 66 The Emir shall represent the State within the country and in all international relations.

Article 67 The Emir shall have the following powers: 1. Formulating the general policy of the State with the assistance of the Cabinet.

2. Endorsing and issuing laws. No law shall be issued unless endorsed by the Emir.

3. Convening meetings of the Council of Ministers, whenever public interest so requires. He shall chair all sessions he attends.

4. Appointing civil and military personnel and terminating their services according to the law.

5. Accepting the credentials of diplomatic and consular missions.

6. Pardoning convicts or reducing punishments in accordance with the law.

7. Bestowing civil and military honours in accordance with the law.

8. Establishing and organising ministries and other government agencies and defining their authorities.

9. Establishing and organising agencies to give him opinions and consultation to guide the policies of the State, to supervise these agencies and to define their authority.

10. Any other powers in accordance with this Constitution and the law.

Article 68 The Emir shall sign conventions and agreements by issuing a Decree and putting them before the Advisory Council along with relevant descriptions. The conventions or the agreements shall have the power of law after being endorsed and published in the official gazette. While the treaties and other such pacts related to the territories of the State or the rights of sovereignty or general or special rights of the citizens or those that include amendments of the law, shall not be valid unless being issued by a law. In any case, treaties shall not include secret conditions contrary to those made public.

Article 69 The Emir may announce through a Decree a national emergency in the State under exceptional circumstances stipulated by the law. He has the right to take all the necessary urgent measures to confront any danger threatening the safety of the State or its territorial integrity or security and interests of its people or impeding the institutions of the State from performing their duties. The Decree shall include the nature of such exceptional circumstances for which the state of emergency has been declared and describe the measures being taken to confront the emergency. The Advisory Council shall be notified within 15 days following the issuance of the Decree. In case of the absence of the council for any reason, it should be notified about the Decree in its first meeting. The declaration of the emergency provisions shall have a limited period of validity and shall not be extendable unless approved by the Advisory Council.

Article 70 The Emir has the right in the exceptional circumstances that require urgent measures and issuance of laws and if the Advisory Council is not in session, to issue relevant Decrees having the power of law. These Decree-Laws shall be put before the Advisory Council in its first meeting. The council has the right, within 40 days and by two-thirds majority, to reject any of these or ask for amendments for a specific period of time. The effect of these Decree-Laws shall be cancelled from the date of the council’s rejection or after the expiry of the period specified for their amendment.

Article 71 A war of defence shall be declared as per an Emiri Order. Offence is prohibited.

Article 72 The Emir shall appoint the Prime Minister and accept his resignation and relieve him from his post with an Emiri Order. The acceptance of the resignation or the dismissal of the Prime Minister will amount to dissolution of the entire Council of Ministers. In case of acceptance of the resignation or dismissal from the post the ministries shall continue to perform urgent functions until fresh appointments are made.

Article 73 The Emir shall appoint ministers according to an Emiri Order, as per nominations made by the Prime Minister, and accept their resignation or dismiss them with the same tool. In case of acceptance of the resignation of the minister, the Emir may ask him to perform urgent functions until the appointment of his successor.

Article 74 The Emir, before practising his power in a special session for the Advisory Council, shall take the following oath: “I swear by the Almighty Allah to respect the Islamic Shariah, the Constitution, and the Law, and to protect the independence of the State and maintain its territorial security and to protect its people’s freedom and interests.”

Article 75 The Emir may ask for a citizen’s referendum on crucial issues related to national interests. The referendum issue shall be accepted if approved the majority of voters. The result of the referendum shall be valid and binding from the date of its announcement and shall be published in the official gazette.

Constitution of Qatar

State and the Bases of the Rule
Basic components of the Society
General Rights and Duties
Organisation of Authorities
General Provisions
Legislative Authority
Executive Authority
Judicial Authority
Final Provisions
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