Executive Authority- Constitution of Qatar
No one shall be appointed as minister unless being of Qatari origin.|
The formation of the Cabinet shall be in accordance with an Emiri Order,
as per a proposal from the Prime Minister. The Emir has the right to
assign the Prime Minister or any of the minister with one or more
portfolios. The law shall define the authority of the ministers.|
The Prime Minister and ministers shall take the following oath before
the Emir: “I swear by Almighty Allah to be loyal to the country and the
Emir; to respect the Islamic Shriah, the Constitution, and the Law, and
to uphold the people’s interest, and to perform my duties honestly and
faithfully, and to fully preseve the country’s territorial integrity.|
The Cabinet shall assist the Emir in performing his duties and
practising his authority, according to this Constitution and the
provisions of the law.|
The Cabinet shall be assigned, in its capacity as supreme executive
authority, the managing all internal and external affairs which come
within its authority according to the Constitution and the provisions of
the law. The Cabinet shall particularly have the following powers:|
1. Proposing drafts of laws and decrees. Draft of laws should be referred to the Advisory Council for consideration, and in case of approval, should be submitted to the Emir for endorsement and issuance, according to the provisions of this Constitution.
2. Approving drafts and decisions prepared by ministries and other government agencies, each within its competence, for the implementation of laws and in compliance with its provisions.
3. Supervising implementation of laws, decrees, regulations and decisions.
4. Proposing the establishment and organisation of government departments, agencies, and public institutions, in compliance with the law.
5. Monitoring the financial and administrative processes of the government.
6. Appointing and terminating employees in cases where such action is not within the authority of the Emir or individual ministers, according to the law.
7. Setting the general rules that ensure the stability of the internal security and maintaining order in the country at large, according to the law.
8. Managing the State finances, preparing the general budget proposals, according to the provisions of this Constitution and the law.
9. Approving economic projects and the means of their implementation.
10. Supervising means of promoting the interests of the State abroad and means of promoting international relations and external affairs.
11. Preparing a report in the beginning of every fiscal year, to include a detailed presentation on the significant achievements within and outside the country, along with a plan outlining the best means to achieve comprehensive development of the state. Providing means of development, progress and welfare. Consolidating the country’s security and stability according to the core principles guiding the State policy stipulated in this Constutition. This report shall be submitted to the Emir for approval.
12. Any other functions assigned to it by this Constitution or the law.
The ministers shall execute the general policy of the government, within
their authority. The Emir has the right to ask the Prime Minister or the
ministers to submit reports concerning any of the affairs within their
The Prime Minister and the ministers are collectively responsible before
the Emir for the implemnetation of the general policy of the government.
Every one of them shall hold individual responsibility before the Emir
concerning his duties and practising his authority.|
The law shall determine the remuneration of the Prime Minister and the
ministers. The Prime Minister shall be subject to all provisions
applying to ministers, unless there is a provision that states
The Prime Minister shall handle the Cabinet’s sessions and guide and
supervise the discussions and the coordination between different
ministries to achieve the unity of the government agencies and the
integration of its activities. He has the right to sign on behalf of the
Cabinet and in the name of the Cabinet, all decisions issued by the
Cabinet. He shall submit to the Emir all decisions taken by the Cabinet
relating to affairs that an Emiri Decision defines for endorsement and
issuance, according to the provisions of this Constitutions.|
Meetings of the Cabinet shall be considered legal if the majority of its
members attend along with the Prime Minister or his deputy. The
deliberations of the Cabinet shall be confidential. Its decisions shall
be taken only when approved by a majority of the members. In case of a
tie, the Prime Minister has a casting vote. The minority shall accept
and be committed to the decision of the majority.|
The Cabinet shall prepare its internal regulation for organising its
functioning. It shall have a secretariat general to assist it in
performing its tasks.|
The ministers, when handling their posts, shall uphold the interets of
the country. They shall not use or exploit there official posts in any
way for their own interests or for the interests of those with whom they
have special relations. The law shall define acts prohibited for the
ministers and acts that may attract questioning, and also define the
manner of this questioning.|
Constitution of Qatar
|State and the Bases of the Rule|
|Basic components of the Society|
|General Rights and Duties|
|Organisation of Authorities|
| Final Provisions