Executive Authority

Executive Authority

Executive Authority

Executive Authority

- Constitution of Qatar

Executive Authority

Article 117 No one shall be appointed as minister unless being of Qatari origin.

Article 118 The formation of the Cabinet shall be in accordance with an Emiri Order, as per a proposal from the Prime Minister. The Emir has the right to assign the Prime Minister or any of the minister with one or more portfolios. The law shall define the authority of the ministers.

Article 119 The Prime Minister and ministers shall take the following oath before the Emir: “I swear by Almighty Allah to be loyal to the country and the Emir; to respect the Islamic Shriah, the Constitution, and the Law, and to uphold the people’s interest, and to perform my duties honestly and faithfully, and to fully preseve the country’s territorial integrity.

Article 120 The Cabinet shall assist the Emir in performing his duties and practising his authority, according to this Constitution and the provisions of the law.

Article 121 The Cabinet shall be assigned, in its capacity as supreme executive authority, the managing all internal and external affairs which come within its authority according to the Constitution and the provisions of the law. The Cabinet shall particularly have the following powers:

1. Proposing drafts of laws and decrees. Draft of laws should be referred to the Advisory Council for consideration, and in case of approval, should be submitted to the Emir for endorsement and issuance, according to the provisions of this Constitution.

2. Approving drafts and decisions prepared by ministries and other government agencies, each within its competence, for the implementation of laws and in compliance with its provisions.

3. Supervising implementation of laws, decrees, regulations and decisions.

4. Proposing the establishment and organisation of government departments, agencies, and public institutions, in compliance with the law.

5. Monitoring the financial and administrative processes of the government.

6. Appointing and terminating employees in cases where such action is not within the authority of the Emir or individual ministers, according to the law.

7. Setting the general rules that ensure the stability of the internal security and maintaining order in the country at large, according to the law.

8. Managing the State finances, preparing the general budget proposals, according to the provisions of this Constitution and the law.

9. Approving economic projects and the means of their implementation.

10. Supervising means of promoting the interests of the State abroad and means of promoting international relations and external affairs.

11. Preparing a report in the beginning of every fiscal year, to include a detailed presentation on the significant achievements within and outside the country, along with a plan outlining the best means to achieve comprehensive development of the state. Providing means of development, progress and welfare. Consolidating the country’s security and stability according to the core principles guiding the State policy stipulated in this Constutition. This report shall be submitted to the Emir for approval.

12. Any other functions assigned to it by this Constitution or the law.

Article 122 The ministers shall execute the general policy of the government, within their authority. The Emir has the right to ask the Prime Minister or the ministers to submit reports concerning any of the affairs within their authority.

Article 123 The Prime Minister and the ministers are collectively responsible before the Emir for the implemnetation of the general policy of the government. Every one of them shall hold individual responsibility before the Emir concerning his duties and practising his authority.

Article 124 The law shall determine the remuneration of the Prime Minister and the ministers. The Prime Minister shall be subject to all provisions applying to ministers, unless there is a provision that states otherwise.

Article 125 The Prime Minister shall handle the Cabinet’s sessions and guide and supervise the discussions and the coordination between different ministries to achieve the unity of the government agencies and the integration of its activities. He has the right to sign on behalf of the Cabinet and in the name of the Cabinet, all decisions issued by the Cabinet. He shall submit to the Emir all decisions taken by the Cabinet relating to affairs that an Emiri Decision defines for endorsement and issuance, according to the provisions of this Constitutions.

Article 126 Meetings of the Cabinet shall be considered legal if the majority of its members attend along with the Prime Minister or his deputy. The deliberations of the Cabinet shall be confidential. Its decisions shall be taken only when approved by a majority of the members. In case of a tie, the Prime Minister has a casting vote. The minority shall accept and be committed to the decision of the majority.

Article 127 The Cabinet shall prepare its internal regulation for organising its functioning. It shall have a secretariat general to assist it in performing its tasks.

Article 128 The ministers, when handling their posts, shall uphold the interets of the country. They shall not use or exploit there official posts in any way for their own interests or for the interests of those with whom they have special relations. The law shall define acts prohibited for the ministers and acts that may attract questioning, and also define the manner of this questioning.


Constitution of Qatar

State and the Bases of the Rule
Basic components of the Society
General Rights and Duties
Organisation of Authorities
General Provisions
Emir
Legislative Authority
Executive Authority
Judicial Authority
Final Provisions
Constitution Qatar Executive Authority 2023
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