General Rights and Duties

General Rights and Duties

General Rights and Duties

General Rights and Duties

- Constitution of Qatar

General Rights and Duties

Article 34 All citizens are equal in general rights and duties.
Article 35 All people are equal before the law. There shall be no discrimination on account of sex, origin, language, or religion.
Article 36 Personal freedom is assured. No one shall be arrested or jailed or checked or confined or have his or her movements restricted, unless according to the provisions of the law. No one shall be subjected to torture or humiliating treatment. Torture is considered a crime and shall be punished by the law.
Article 37 Privacy of individuals shall be respected. No one shall be subjected to interference in his or her privacy or family affairs or residence or correspondence or any interference affecting his or her honour or reputation, unless according to the provisions of the law and in a way to be stipulated by it.
Article 38 No citizen shall be deported from the country or forbidden from returning to it.
Article 39 The accused shall be deemed innocent unless proved guilty by the judicial process in a court, and shall be provided all necessary legal assistance to practise the right of defence.
Article 40 No crime and no punishment unless stipulated by the law. No punishment except on the consequences of an act after it is committed. Punishment is personal. The provisions of the laws shall not be valid unless after the date of their coming into effect. No consequences of the law on acts committed before their coming into force. However, it is permissible to be stated otherwise in non-criminal articles and by a two-thirds majority of the Advisory Council.
Article 41 Provisions for Qatari citizenship shall be stipulated by the law. These provisions shall have constitutional validity.
Article 42 The State shall assure the right of election and nomination for all citizens according to the law.
Article 43 Taxation shall be based on principles of social justice. Taxes shall not be levied unless stipulated by the law.
Article 44 The right of assembly is assured to the citizens as per the provisions of the law.
Article 45 The freedom to establish societies is assured according to the conditions and circumstances to be laid down by the law.
Article 46 Any individual has the right to address the general authorities.
Article 47 The freedom of expression and scientific research is assured according to the conditions and circumstances to be stipulated by the law.
Article 48 Press freedom, printing and publishing is assured in accordance with the law.
Article 49 Education is the right of every citizen. The State shall extend efforts to achieve free and compulsory general education according to the applicable laws and rules in the State.
Article 50 The freedom to worship is assured to all, in accordance with the law and the requirements of protecting the public system and public behaviour.
Article 51 The right of inheritance is secure and governed by the Islamic Shariah.
Article 52 Any person residing legally in the State shall enjoy protection for his person and his money and possessions, according to the provision of the law.
Article 53 Defending the country is the duty of all citizens.
Article 54 Holding public posts is a national service. The public employee shall uphold the public interests alone while doing his duty.
Article 55 Public funds are sacred. Their protection is the duty of all, according to the law.
Article 56 Confiscation of an individual’s funds is strictly forbidden. There shall not be a punishment of confiscation of personal money unless backed by a judicial verdict and in circumstances stipulated by law.
Article 57 Respect for the Constitution, abiding by the laws issued by the public authorities, abiding by public order and public behaviour, following the national traditions and norms is the duty of all residing in the State of Qatar.
Article 58 Handing over political asylum-seekers is strictly forbidden. The law shall stipulate the conditions of granting political asylum.

Constitution of Qatar

State and the Bases of the Rule
Basic components of the Society
General Rights and Duties
Organisation of Authorities
General Provisions
Emir
Legislative Authority
Executive Authority
Judicial Authority
Final Provisions
Constitution Qatar General Rights And Duties 2022
Constitution Day of India: History, significance Pragativadi
The mockery of Muslim rights in India Global Village space
News Highlights: Two CRPF jawans killed, two hurt as their colleague opens fire near Porbandar in Gujarat Deccan Herald
Regime Change In Pakistan: The Conspiracy And Its Aftermath – Analysis Eurasia Review