Judicial Authority

Judicial Authority

Judicial Authority

Judicial Authority

- Constitution of Qatar

Judicial Authority

Article 129 The prevalence of the law is the basis of the rule in the State. The honesty of judiciary and the neutrality of judges and their justice is a guarantee of rights and freedoms.

Article 130 The judicial authority is independent and shall be handled by courts of law in its different types and degrees. It shall issue its verdicts according to the law.

Article 131 Judges are independent. There is no power over them in their judgements except the law. No agency has the right to interfere in the process of justice.

Article 132 The law shall categorise the courts of law in different types and degrees and define their authorities and jurisdictions. The authority of court martialling is restricted in cases of non-emergency professions, on the military crimes committed by personnel of the armed forces and security forces, and within the limits stipulated by the law.

Article 133 Sessions of the courts of justice shall be public, unless the court decides to hold them in-camera. In all cases, the pronouncement of the verdict shall be in a public session.

Article 134 Judges are beyond dismissal, except in cases to be defined by the law. The law shall define the special provisions related to them and organise their disciplinary questioning.

Article 135 Litigation is a right secured and preserved for the people. The law shall define procedures and situations of practising this right.

Article 136 The Attorney General shall handle the general public cases in the name of the society; supervise the affairs of judicial control; be dedicated to the implementation of the criminal law. The law shall set this agency and define its authority and conditions and special guarantees for those appointed in its posts.

Article 137 The judiciary shall have a Supreme Council supervising the proper way of the functioning of courts and supporting agencies. The law shall define the formation of this council, its jurisdiction and authority.

Article 138 The law shall define the concerned agency entitled to settle administrative disputes and its system and its functions.

Article 139 The law shall define the manner of settling disputes on the specialisation between the judicial bodies and in disputes between provisions.

Article 140 The law shall define the judicial agency that is authorised to settle disputes related to constitutional validity of laws and regulations; define its authority, and means of appeal and regulations that should be followed before this agency. The law shall also define the effect of a sentence declaring an act as unconstitutional.

Constitution of Qatar

State and the Bases of the Rule
Basic components of the Society
General Rights and Duties
Organisation of Authorities
General Provisions
Legislative Authority
Executive Authority
Judicial Authority
Final Provisions
Constitution Qatar Judicial Authority 2022
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