Legislative Authority

Legislative Authority

Legislative Authority

Legislative Authority

- Constitution of Qatar

Legislative Authority

Article 76 The Advisory Council shall handle the legislative authority, approve the general State budget and monitor the executive authority, in a manner stipulated by this Constitution.

Article 77 The Advisory Council shall consist of 45 members. Thirty of them shall be elected directly by secret ballot, while the remaining 15 shall be appointed by the Emir from among ministers or others. The membership of the appointed members shall be terminated with their resignation or dismissal.

Article 78 The election system should be laid out by a law, defining the terms and conditions of nomination and election.

Article 79 The electoral districts, that the State will be divided into, shall be defined by an Emiri Decree.

Article 80 The conditions for eligibility to the Advisory Council membership are:

1. Should be of Qatari origin.

2. Age on the closing date of nomination should not be less than 30 years according to Gregorian calendar.

3. Should be fluent in reading and writing Arabic language.

4. Should not have been convicted of a crime related to dishonesty or violating honour, unless otherwise rehabilitated later, in accordance with the law.

5. Should satisfy all conditions stipulated in the election laws.

Article 81 The Advisory Council shall have a four-year tenure from the date of its first meeting. The election of the new council shall be conducted ninety days before the end of the tenure of the previous one. Members may be re-elected. If the elections cannot be held or are delayed, for any reason, at the end of the previous council’s tenure it will continue to be in office until the election. The term shall not be extended unless when necessary and shall be done by a Decree.

Article 82 The law shall define the concerned judicial authority for deciding the legality of the election of the members of the Advisory Council.

Article 83 If a post of an elected member falls vacant at least six months before the end of its term, for any reason, a successor should be elected from the date of the vacancy being created. If a post of an appointed member falls vacant, a replacement shall be appointed. In both cases, the new member shall complete the term of his predecessor.

Article 84 The Advisory Council will work for at least eight months in a year. The sessions shall not be adjourned before the approval of the State Budget.

Article 85 The Advisory Council shall hold its annual ordinary session according to an invitation from the Emir, during the month of October every year.

Article 86 With the exception of the previous two Articles, the Emir may call the Advisory Council to the first meeting following the election within one month of the election. In case of a delay in holding this session, the period of the delay in this annual session, as stipulated in the previous Article, shall be suitably deducted.

Article 87 The Emir or his deputy shall open the annual session of the council and shall deliver a comprehensive speech tackling all the issues faced by a country.

Article 88 The Emir shall call the Advisory Council to an extraordinary meeting, if necessary, or as per a request of the majority of the council. In the extraordinary session, the council has no right to discuss matters except those for which the session was called.

Article 89 Invitation for the Advisory Council meeting in its ordinary or extraordinary sessions and its adjournment shall be as per a Decree.

Article 90 The Emir has the right to put off an Advisory Council meeting by a Decree for a period not exceeding one month. This postponement shall not be repeated in one session unless with the approval of the council. The period of postponement shall not be calculated as part of the period of the session.

Article 91 The council shall hold its meetings at its location in Doha. The Emir has the right to call the meeting at any other place.

Article 92 Members of the Advisory Council shall take the following oath before assuming their duties in an open session: “I swear by Almight Allah to be loyal to the country and the Emir; to respect the Islamic Shariah, the Constitution and the Law; to uphold the people’s interests and to perform my task honestly and faithfully.”

Article 93 The council in its first meeting shall elect a chairman and a deputy chairman from amongst its members for the entire term. If any one of these posts falls vacant, the council shall elect a replacement until the end of its term. Elections shall be conducted through secret ballot. If a majority in favour of a candidate is not achieved, there would be repolling for the members whose tallies are tied. If the tie cannot be broken by polling, a winner shall be decided by drawing lots. The session shall be chaired by the oldest member, until the chairman is elected.

Article 94 The council shall form the required committees of members within two weeks of its first annual session. These committees may work when the council is not in session and present the result of their activities at the council’s sessions.

Article 95 The council shall have a board consisting of the chairman, his deputy, heads of committees and the general secretariat assisting the council in performing its duties.

Article 96 Maintaing order in the council is the duty of the chairman.

Article 97 The council shall establish its internal regulations and systems for its functioning, for the functioning of committees, organising sessions, rules of discussions, voting, and other powers and duties as stipulated by this Constitution. The regulation should define penalties to be given to members violating them or being absent from the council’s or committees’ meetings without any justifiable reason. These regulations should be issued through a law.

Article 98 Sessions of the Advisory Council shall be public. They may be held in- camera as per a request of a third of its members or by a request from the Cabinet.

Article 99 For a session to be valid, it should be attended by a majority of the members, including the chairman or the deputy chairman. The session shall be postponed to the next date in the lack of a quorum.

Article 100 Decisions of the council should be issued by a vast majority of the members in attendance, in cases not requiring a special majority. In case of a tie, the chairman shall have a casting vote.

Article 101 Membership of the council shall expire for any one of the following reasons:

1. Death or disability

2. Expiry of the term

3. Resignation

4. Dismissal

5. Dissolution of the council

Article 102 Resignation from the membership of the council shall be in writing to the chairman. The chairman shall put the resignation before the council for a decision. The internal regulation shall organise the related provisions.

Article 103 Membership of any of the council member shall not be revoked unless he is untrustworthy or any one of the eligibility conditions is violated, or is case of negligence of duties as a member. A decision on dropping a member shall be taken by a two-thirds majority of the council.

Article 104 The Emir has the right to dissolve the Advisory Council with a Decree, explaining the reasons for the dissolution. It is not permissible for the council to be dissolved for the same reason twice. If the council is dissolved, election for a new body shall be conducted not later than six months from the date of the dissolution. Until the new council takes over, the Emir shall handle the legislative powers with the assistance of the Cabinet.

Article 105 1. Every member of the Advisory Council has the right of proposing laws. Every proposal shall be referred to the concerned committee in the council for further study and placing it before the council. If the council accepts the proposal, it shall be referred to the government after putting in the form of a draft law along with the council’s opinions. After consideration by the government it shall be returned to the council in the same or the next session.

2. A proposed law rejected by the council shall not be submitted again in the same session.

Article 106 1. Every draft of law approved by the Advisory Council shall be submitted to the Emir for endorsement. 2. If the Emir does not approve the draft, he shall return it to the council within three months from the date of submission, along with reasons for such an action.

3. If the draft of law is returned to the council within the stipulated period and the council approves it once again with a two-thirds majority, the Emir shall approve it and issue the law. The Emir has the right, when absolutely necessary, to issue orders to stop the implementation of such a law for a period for which he believes it may achieve the greater interests of the country. However, if the draft does not get a two-third vote of the council, it shall not be reviewed during the same session.

Article 107 The general State Budget proposals should be referred to the Advisory Council at least two months before the beginning of the fiscal year. The budget shall not be valid unless approved by the council. The council has the right to amend the State Budget proposals after the approval of the government. If the new budget is not approved before the beginning of the fiscal year, the previous budget provisions shall continue until the approval of the new one. The law shall stipulate the manner in which the budget is prepared as well as the fiscal year.

Article 108 The Advisory Council has the right of expressing opinions to the government in general matters, and if the government is not able to accept these opinions it should explain the reasons to the council. The council has the right to respond once to this explanation.

Article 109 Every member of the council has the right to seek explanations from the Prime Minister or any of the ministers in matters related to their areas of jurisdiction. Only the member seeking explanation has the right to comment once on the explanation.

Article 110 Every member of the council has the right to question ministers in matters related to their areas of jurisdiction. Such a question has to be first approved by a third of the council. Discussions on the question shall not be conducted within ten days of putting it, unless in case of an emergency, provided that the concerned minister approves curtailing of this period.

Article 111 Every minister is responsible before the council for the functioning of his ministry. A motion of no-confidence against a minister shall not be moved until after a discussion on the enquiry addressed to him. A non- confidence motion cannot be brought without the minister’s approval, unless an application is signed by 15 members. The council has no right to issue a decision in this matter before at least ten days from the date of submitting the application or expressing the idea. A no- confidence move against a minister shall have to be approved by two- thirds of the members the council consists of. The minister shall be relieved of his charge from the date of the decision on the no- confidence motion.

Article 112 A member of the council shall not be excused for the opnions or views expressed before the council or its committees on issues within the juridiction of the council.

Article 113 1. No member of the Advisory Council shall be arrested, jailed, frisked or questioned unless caught red-handed in an illegal action or without the permission of the council. If the council does not issue a decision on an application within one month from the date of receiving such application, it shall be considered as granting of permission. The permission shall be issued by the chairman of the council in times when the council is not in session.

2. In case of apprehension, the council should be informed about the action taken against the concerned member. In times when the council is not in session, it should be notified in the its first session.

Article 114 It is not allowed for a member of the council to have membership of the council while simultaneously handling public post, except in cases where it is accepted by the Constitution.

Article 115 Members of the council shall work for the interests of the country and shall not use this membership in any way for their own interests or interests of those with whom they have special relations. The law shall define acts that the members shall not indulge in.

Article 116 The chairman of the council, his deputy and members shall be awarded renumeration to be defined by the law, and to be valid from the date of their taking the oath before the council.

Constitution of Qatar

State and the Bases of the Rule
Basic components of the Society
General Rights and Duties
Organisation of Authorities
General Provisions
Legislative Authority
Executive Authority
Judicial Authority
Final Provisions
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