President of the Slovak Republic

President of the Slovak Republic

President of the Slovak Republic

President of the Slovak Republic

- Constitution of Slovakia

Part One - The President of the Slovak Republic

Article 101
(1) The president is the head of state of the Slovak Republic.
(2) The president of the Slovak Republic is elected by the National Council of the Slovak Republic by secret ballot for a period of five years.
(3) A majority of three-fifths of all deputies' votes is required for the president to be elected.
Article 102
The president
a) represents the Slovak Republic outwardly and concludes and ratifies international treaties. He may delegate to the Government of the Slovak Republic or, with the Government's consent, to individual members of the Slovak Republic, the conclusion of international treaties that do not require approval by the National Council of the Slovak Republic,
b) receives and accredits ambassadors,
c) calls the constituent meeting of the National Council of the Slovak Republic,
d) may dissolve the National Council of the Slovak Republic if the policy statement of the Government of the Slovak Republic is not approved three times within six months after the elections. Prior to dissolving the National Council of the Slovak Republic, the president is obliged to hear the standpoint of the chairman of the National Council of the Slovak Republic. New elections will be called by the chairman of the National Council of the Slovak Republic within 30 days,
e) signs laws,
f) appoints and recalls the prime minister and other members of the Government of the Slovak Republic, entrusts them with the management of ministries, and accepts their resignation. Recalls the prime minister and other members of the Government in the cases listed in Articles 115 and 116,
g) appoints and recalls the heads of central bodies and higher- level state officials in cases specified by law, appoints university professors and rectors, appoints and promotes generals,
h) awards distinctions, unless he empowers another body to perform this task,
i) grants amnesty and pardon, lowers punishments meted out by criminal courts, issues orders not to initiate or not to continue criminal proceedings, and nullifies punishments,
j) acts as supreme commander of the armed forces,
k) declares martial law at the recommendation of the Government of the Slovak Republic and declares war on the basis of a decision of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, if the Slovak Republic is attacked or as a result of commitments arising from international treaties on common defense against aggression,
l) declares a state of emergency on the basis of a constitutional law,
m) calls referendums,
n) can return to the National Council of the Slovak Republic constitutional and other laws with comments. He can do so within 15 days after their approval,
o) presents to the National Council of the Slovak Republic reports on the state of the Slovak Republic and on important political issues, submits to it draft laws and proposals for other measures.
p) has the right to be present at meetings of the National Council of the Slovak Republic,
r) [no q in accordance with Slovak usage] has the right to be present at meetings of the Government of the Slovak Republic, to chair them, and to demand reports from the Government or its members.
Article 103
(1) Any citizen of the Slovak Republic who is eligible to vote and has reached the age of 35 can be elected president.
(2) The same person can be elected president in two consecutive electoral periods at the most.
(3) The election of the president will be held in the last 60 days of the acting president's period of office. Should the office of the president become vacant prior to the end of the electoral period, the election of a new president will be held within 30 days.
(4) Should a deputy of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, member of the Government of the Slovak Republic, judge, prosecutor, member of the armed forces of another armed corps, or member of the Supreme Control Office of the Slovak Republic be elected president, he will cease executing his previous function from the day of his election.
(5) The president must not perform any other paid function, profession, or entrepreneurial activity and must not be a member of the body of a juridical person engaged in entrepreneurial activity.
Article 104
(1) The president is sworn in by the chairman of the National Council of the Slovak Republic, before the National Council of the Slovak Republic, by taking the following oath:
"I promise on my honor and conscience to be faithful to the Slovak Republic. I will attend to the well-being of the Slovak nation and the national minorities and ethnic groups living in the Slovak Republic. I will discharge my duties in the interest of citizens and will uphold and defend the Constitution and other laws."
(2) Refusing to take this oath, or taking it with reservations, results in the invalidity of the election of the president.
Article 105
(1) If no president is elected, or if the office of the president becomes vacant before a new president is elected or before the newly elected president has been sworn in, or if the president is unable to perform his function for serious reasons, the execution of the post of the president falls upon the Government of the Slovak Republic, with the exception of presidential powers listed in
Article 102, letters d) through g). In that case the Government can entrust the prime minister with executing some presidential powers. The supreme command of the armed forces is also transferred to the prime minister in this period.
(2) If the president is unable to perform his function for more than one year, the National Council of the Slovak Republic will recall him from office and will elect a new president for a regular term of office.
Article 106
The National Council of the Slovak Republic can recall the president from his post if the president is engaged in activity directed against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Slovak Republic or in activity aimed at eliminating the Slovak Republic's democratic constitutional system. In such cases, the motion to recall the president may be tabled by more than one-half of all deputies. The consent of at least a three-fifths majority of all deputies is required for the president to be recalled.
Article 107
The president can be prosecuted only on charges of high treason. The indictment against the president is filed by the National Council of the Slovak Republic. The Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic decides on the indictment.

Constitution of Slovakia

Preamble
Basic Provisions
Basic Rights and Freedoms
General Provisions
Basic Human Rights and Liberties
Political Rights
Rights of National Minorities and Ethnic Groups
Economic Social and Cultural Rights
Protection of the Environment and the Cultural Heritage
Protection by the Court
Common Provisions for Chapters One and Two
Economy of the Slovak Republic
Supreme Control Office
Territorial Self Administration
Legislative Power
National Council of the Slovak Republic
Referendum
Executive Power
President of the Slovak Republic
Government of the Slovak Republic
Judicial Power
Constitutional Court of the Slovak Republic
Courts of the Slovak Republic
Prosecutor Office of the Slovak Republic
Transitional and Final Provisions
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