Croatian Parliament- Constitution of Croatia
Croatian Parliament - Constitution of the Republic of Croatia. Government and Croatian Laws.
IV ORGANIZATION OF GOVERNMENT
1. The Croatian Parliament
The Croatian Parliament shall consist of the House of Representatives (Zastupni_ki dom) and the House of Counties (_upanijski dom).
Citizens in every county shall on the basis of universal suffrage directly and by secret ballot elect 3 representatives to the House of Counties.
The President of the Republic shall upon the expiry of his term become a lifelong member of the Chamber of Counties, unless he explicitly renounces this duty.
The President of the Republic may nominate up to 5 representatives to the House of Counties from among citizens especially deserving for the Republic.
No one shall at the same time be a representative in the House of Representatives and the House of Counties.
The number of and conditions and procedure for the election of representatives to the Houses of the Croatian Parliament shall be regulated by law.
The first session of the Houses of the Croatian Parliament shall be held not later than 20 days after the completion of the elections.
Representatives in the Croatian Parliament shall have a regular financial remuneration and shall have other rights specified by law.
No representative shall be called to account criminally, detained or punished for an opinion expressed or a vote cast in the Parliament.
No representative shall be detained, nor shall criminal proceedings be instituted against him without approval thereof by the House of which he is a member.
A representative may be detained without assent of his Parliament only if he has been caught in the act of committing a criminal offense which carries a penalty of imprisonment of more than five years. In such a case, the Chairman of the House concerned shall be notified thereof.
If the House is not in session, approval for the detention of the representative, or for the continuation of criminal proceedings against him, shall be given and his right to immunity decided by the Parliamentary Immunity and Mandate Commission of his House, such a decision being subject to subsequent confirmation by the House.
The President of the Republic may, in conformity with the Constitution, dissolve the House of Representatives.
The Houses of the Croatian Parliament shall sit in emergency session at the request of the President of the Republic, the Government or the majority of representatives in the House.
The rules of procedure shall be passed by a majority vote of all representatives.
The House of Representatives and the House of Counties shall each have a Chairman and one or more Vice-Chairmen.
The rights and duties of the Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen shall be defined by the Houses' rules of procedure.
The Chairman of the House of Representatives shall be the Chairman of the Croatian Parliament.
Representatives shall vote personally.
Laws which elaborate the constitutionally defined freedoms and the rights of man and the citizen, the electoral system, the organization, responsibilities and operation of local self- government and administration shall be passed by the House of Representatives by a majority vote of all representatives.
The President of the Republic may, at the proposal of the Government and with the counter-signature of the Prime Minister, call a referendum on a proposal for the amendment of the Constitution or on any other issue which he considers to be important for the independence, unity and existence of the Republic.
At such a referendum, a decision shall be made by the majority of the voters who voted, provided that the majority of the total number of electors have taken part in the referendum.
Decisions made at referenda shall be binding.
A law shall be passed on referenda.
Decrees based on statutory authority shall not have a retroactive effect.
Decrees passed on the basis of statutory authority shall cease to be valid after the expiry of a period of one year from the date when the House of Representatives received such authority, unless otherwise decided by the House of Representatives.
A law shall come into force at the earliest on the eighth day after its publication, unless otherwise specified by law for especially justified reasons. Only individual provisions of a law may have a retroactive effect.
A law whose application demands financial funds shall specify the sources of such funds.
The composition, responsibilities and powers of inquiry commissions shall be in accord with law.
The ombudsman shall be elected by the House of Representatives for a term of eight years.
Conditions for the election and relief of office and the mode of work of the ombudsman and his deputies shall be regulated by law.
| Historical Foundations
|| Basic Provisions
|| Fundamental Freedoms And Rights Of Man And Citizen
|| Common Provisions
|| Personal and Political Liberties and Rights
|| Economic Social and Cultural Rights
|| Organisation of Government
|| Croatian Parliament
|| President of the Republic of Croatia
|| Government of the Republic of Croatia
|| Judicial Power
|| Public Prosecution Service
|| Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia
|| Community Level Local and Regional Self Government
|| International Relations
|| International Treaties
|| Association and Dissociation
Amending The Constitution
| Transitional And Concluding Provisions
Constitution Croatian Parliament 2022
Croatia Parliament Debates Training Ukrainian Soldiers Balkan Insight
Croatian president rejects training of Ukrainian soldiers in Croatia Xinhua
Much Ado about Nothing in Bosnia Balkan Insight
Analysis: Establishment of Government in BiH – Schmidt’s Deadlines only on Paper Sarajevo Times